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Dementia - Other Treatment

  • Ginkgo biloba. Many people take ginkgo biloba to improve or preserve memory. But studies have not shown that ginkgo biloba helps improve memory or prevent dementia.1
  • Other medicines. Research is ongoing to look at the usefulness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), antioxidants, and supplements such as citicoline. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
  • Reality orientation. People who have dementia may benefit from a structured group program that encourages them to focus on a variety of topics and to think creatively within their limits. This type of program, sometimes called reality orientation or cognitive stimulation therapy, is offered in some day care and residential settings. 
  • Validation therapy. A person who has dementia may say things that don't make sense. A caregiver's response may be to correct or disagree with him or her. This can be frustrating for everyone. Validation therapy is a way to talk to someone with empathy. It can help to give the person with dementia a feeling of control or calmness. It recognizes his or her feelings and emotions.
  • Occupational therapy. Occupational therapists focus on a person's ability to perform daily tasks and take part in social activities.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: January 27, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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