Dementia: Testing How Well a Person Functions - Topic Overview
A health professional may evaluate the day-to-day functioning of a
person who has Alzheimer's disease by asking questions and observing
the person. This often is done informally during the medical history and
Sometimes the health professional may use a more formal functional
status exam to evaluate a person's ability to perform daily activities. A
functional status exam may also measure current ability to do various
activities, such as paying bills, preparing meals, or keeping track of
appointments, compared to how well they were performed previously. The test
usually is completed by someone in close contact with the person, such as a
family member or caregiver.
Assisted living is a type of housing for people, such as those with Alzheimer's disease, who need various levels of medical and personal care. Living spaces can be individual rooms, apartments, or shared quarters. The facilities generally provide a home-like setting and are physically designed to promote the residents' independence. Services are offered to assist residents with daily living.
Not being able to do certain everyday tasks on your own is not always
a sign of a problem. For example, if you have never been able to balance your
checkbook, not being able to balance your checkbook now does not reflect a new
problem with your ability to function. But a change or decline in the ability to do daily tasks may signal a problem.
Functional status exams are designed to look for evidence of this change or
The results of these tests may suggest that the person has become
less able to function independently, but they usually do not point to the
cause. Alzheimer's disease is only one of several possible causes of functional