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Anxiety & Panic Disorders Health Center

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Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder - Cause

The exact cause of panic disorder isn't clear. It is thought that it may be caused by an imbalance of chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters). It also may be passed down through families (genetic).

You can have a panic attack without having panic disorder. Panic attacks may be triggered by:

Recommended Related to Anxiety Panic

Dealing With Anxiety and Phobias

Your heart pounds, your palms sweat, and you begin to tremble. These physical reactions to danger put your body on high alert. But if you're gripped with fear when there is little or no real danger, like when you're on a plane taxiing down a runway to take off, the real culprit may be anxiety. "Anxiety is a world-class bluffer. It bluffs people into thinking they're in danger when they're really not," says Martin N. Seif, PhD, a psychologist in New York City and Greenwich, Conn., who co-founded...

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  • Drinking large amounts of alcohol or abruptly stopping the use of alcohol.
  • Drinking large amounts of caffeine.
  • Chain-smoking. It greatly increases the amount of nicotine in the blood.
  • Taking certain medicines (such as those used to treat asthma and heart conditions) or abruptly stopping certain medicines (such as those used to treat anxiety or sleep problems).
  • Using illegal drugs, such as cocaine or marijuana.
  • Having high levels of stress for a long time.
  • Having recently had a baby.
  • Having recently had surgery or been under general anesthesia.

Panic attacks also can be caused by or linked with other medical conditions, including:

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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