Skip to content

Arthritis Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Arthritis Studies: A Guide for Patients

What Is a Clinical Trial?

A clinical trial is a research program conducted with arthritis patients to evaluate a new medical treatment, drug, or device. The purpose of clinical trials is to find new and improved methods of treating different diseases and special conditions.

Clinical trials make it possible to apply the latest scientific and technological advances in arthritis to patient care. During a clinical trial, doctors use the best available treatment as a standard to evaluate new treatments. The new treatments are considered to be at least as effective or possibly more effective than the standard.

Recommended Related to Arthritis

Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Arthritis Pain Medicine

If you're making decisions about arthritis pain relief, here are questions you may want to ask your doctor: 1. What pain medication is best for me right now? 2. Does my family and medical history make me a good candidate for this drug? 3. Is it safe to take this drug every day? 4. How long will I need to take this medication? Is it a short-term or long-term treatment? 5. When can I expect to see improvement in my arthritis pain? 6. Will this pain medicine interact with other medications I'm...

Read the Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Arthritis Pain Medicine article > >

New arthritis treatment options are first researched in the lab where they are carefully studied in the test tube and in laboratory animals. Only the treatments most likely to work are further evaluated in a small group of people prior to applying them in a larger clinical trial.

When a new medical treatment is studied for the first time in people, it is not known exactly how it will work. With any new treatment, there are possible risks as well as benefits. Clinical trials help doctors determine:

  • If the treatment is safe and effective
  • If the treatment is potentially better than the treatments currently available
  • What the side effects of the treatment are
  • If the treatment has any possible risks
  • How well the treatment works

Clinical trials are conducted in phases, each designed to find out specific information. Each new phase of a clinical trial builds on information from previous phases.

Participants may be eligible for clinical trials in different phases, depending on their overall condition. Most clinical trial participants take part in phases III and IV.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4

Today on WebMD

Mature woman exercise at home
Hint: Warming up first is crucial.
feet with gout
Quiz yourself.
 
woman in pain
One idea? Eat fish to curb inflammation.
senior couple walking
Can you keep your RA from progressing?
 
xray of knees with osteoarthritis
Slideshow
close up of man wearing dress shoes
Slideshow
 
feet with gout
Quiz
close up of red shoe in shoebox
Slideshow
 
salad
Video
two male hands
ARTICLE
 
Woman massaging her neck
Quiz
5 Lupus Risk Factors
Article