Skip to content

Arthritis Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Scleroderma -- The Basics Explained

What Is Scleroderma?

Scleroderma (pronounced SKLEER-oh-der-ma) is a disease that affects your skin. When you have scleroderma, your skin gradually tightens and thickens or hardens. It can’t stretch like it used to.

Scleroderma can also change tiny blood vessels. That damages internal organs. Although it usually affects the hands, face, and feet, it can also target the digestive tract, heart and blood flow, lungs, and kidneys.

Recommended Related to Arthritis

When You Should See a Doctor About Arthritis Symptoms

The pain and stiffness come on quickly, whether from an injury or an unknown cause; you may be experiencing the onset of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or another arthritic condition such as gout. The pain is accompanied by fever; you may have infectious arthritis. You notice pain and stiffness in your arms, legs, or back after sitting for short periods or after a night's sleep; you may be developing rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or another arthritic condition. A child...

Read the When You Should See a Doctor About Arthritis Symptoms article > >

The good news is that medications can help prevent these kinds of complications, and treatments can ease your symptoms.

Types of Scleroderma

There are many types of scleroderma, and it can look very different from one person to another.

The two main types are localized or systemic scleroderma:

  • Localized affects small areas of skin.
  • Systemic affects a lot of the body.

See your doctor if you think you might have it. Treatment helps stop systemic scleroderma from becoming life-threatening.

Who Gets Scleroderma?

Anyone can get it, but women are more likely to get it than men.

Localized scleroderma is three times more common in women than men. Systemic scleroderma is usually seen in women ages 30 to 50.

Children can also get scleroderma, but that's rare.

What Causes Scleroderma?

Doctors don't know the exact cause, but they do know what happens when you have scleroderma.

The problem is with your immune system. For some reason, it prompts your body to make too much of the protein collagen. The result is thicker, less flexible skin and other tissues in your body.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson, MD on March 08, 2015

Today on WebMD

Mature woman exercise at home
Hint: Warming up first is crucial.
feet with gout
Quiz yourself.
 
woman in pain
One idea? Eat fish to curb inflammation.
senior couple walking
Can you keep your RA from progressing?
 
xray of knees with osteoarthritis
Slideshow
close up of man wearing dress shoes
Slideshow
 
feet with gout
Quiz
close up of red shoe in shoebox
Slideshow
 
salad
Video
two male hands
ARTICLE
 
Woman massaging her neck
Quiz
5 Lupus Risk Factors
Article