You can live a full and active life even when you have allergic asthma.
Joanna Thomas has had severe allergic asthma since she was 2 years old. Her asthma is triggered, she says, by "just about everything." But today at 72, she travels, volunteers, exercises, and generally enjoys life.
A bronchodilator is used by almost all people with asthma as a way to open the airway passages.
Short-acting bronchodilators are used as a "quick relief" or "rescue" medication, while long-acting bronchodilators are used every day to control asthma -- in conjunction with an inhaled steroid.
There's only so much you can do about outdoor air quality, but you can control the air quality inside your home. For starters, keep your windows shut.
Thomas finds that a HEPA filter (which stands for high-efficiency particulate air filter) keeps the air in her house clean by filtering out dust mites, pet dander, and other allergens.
Plan for Exercise
You can and should exercise. It helps your lungs and heart work better, and it builds your strength and endurance. If you choose an outdoor activity, try to limit the pollen and irritants you bring inside with you. As soon as you come in, take off your clothes and shower. Make sure to wash or rinse your hair.
On some days, when the pollen count is high, that might not be enough. Exercise inside on those days. Thomas has a folding, rollable treadmill that she can use in her home. She even takes it with her on vacations in her RV. Other people with allergic asthma find that yoga is a good inside alternative.
Rethink Your Home Decor
The surfaces in your home are as important as the air. Wash your curtains or, even better, replace them with blinds or other non-fabric window dressings. You can vacuum upholstered furniture. Dust items that are leather, plastic, vinyl, or wood with a damp cloth, Thomas says.
Thomas replaced all the carpet in her home with hard-surfaced flooring. Carpets can harbor allergens including dust mites, cockroach droppings, pollen, and mold spores.
Clean With Care
If you can't get rid of your carpet, the American Lung Association recommends vacuuming at least three times a week using a HEPA filter and while wearing a mask.
In fact, you should wear a mask for any type of cleaning. "I wear an ear-loop face mask," Thomas says.
What else can you do? Take out the garbage every day. Only empty the vacuum bag outside.
Protect Your Bed
Many companies make mattress and pillow covers. "They basically seal your mattress and your pillow case so you don't have a reaction," says Kim Franklin, 47, a nurse in Omaha, Neb. She was diagnosed with allergic asthma in 2002.
Thomas says you can also vacuum your mattress or use an upholstery tool to keep dust mites and other allergens at bay.
The American Lung Association recommends washing sheets, other bedding, and pajamas at least once a week in very hot water.