Some asthma attack symptoms such as wheezing are easy to identify. Yet other asthma attack symptoms such as feelings of anxiety or panic are not as well known. Some people may have an itchy chin before they start to feel short of breath and cough. Still others may only have symptoms at nighttime (called nocturnal asthma). As soon as you notice your asthma attack symptoms, seek quick treatment with your asthma medication to prevent an asthma emergency.
The goals of asthma therapy are:
To prevent your child from having chronic and troublesome symptoms
To maintain your child's lung function as close to normal as possible
To allow your child to maintain normal physical activity levels (including exercise)
To prevent recurrent asthma attacks and to reduce the need for emergency department visits or hospitalizations
To provide medications to your child that give the best results with the fewest side effects
Medications that are available...
An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles of your airways (bronchospasm). During the attack, the lining of the airways becomes swollen or inflamed and more and thicker mucus than normal is produced. All of these factors -- bronchospasm, inflammation, and mucus production -- cause asthma attack symptoms. Asthma attack symptoms include:
Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, or very rapid breathing
The best way to prevent asthma attack symptoms is to manage your asthma daily. By following your asthma action plan and using your peak flow meter to measure breathing changes, you can treat your asthma with the proper medications before symptoms become noticeable. In doing so, you can prevent an asthma emergency and continue to live an active life.
What Do I Do if I Have an Asthma Attack?
Without immediate asthma treatment, asthma attack symptoms can worsen and become severe. If you experience asthma attack symptoms and your symptoms do not improve with treatment, contact your doctor. If you have an asthma action plan, follow the "Red Zone" or emergency instructions immediately. You need medical attention right away.
UptoDate Patient Information: "Trigger avoidance in asthma," "Pathogenesis and management of status asthmaticus in adults."
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: "Tips to Remember: asthma triggers and management" and "Allergic Conditions: Exercise-Induced Asthma (EIA)."
Merck Manual Home Edition: "Asthma."