An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles around your airways (bronchospasm). During the asthma attack, the lining of the airways also becomes swollen or inflamed and thicker mucus -- more than normal -- is produced. All of these factors -- bronchospasm, inflammation, and mucus production -- cause symptoms of an asthma attack such as difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and difficulty performing normal daily activities. Other symptoms of an asthma attack may include:
From weekend warriors to superstars, all types of athletes experience exercise-induced asthma. They include world-class competitors like NFL star Jerome "The Bus" Bettis and six-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer Amy Van Dyken.
But just what is exercise-induced asthma, why does it happen, and how can it be managed?
WebMD consulted the experts to find out the answers to these questions, as well as tips for controlling symptoms of exercise-induced asthma -- whether you're a casual athlete or a s...
Some people with asthma may go for extended periods without having an asthma attack or other symptoms, interrupted by periodic worsening of their symptoms, due to exposure to asthma triggers or perhaps from overdoing it as in exercise-induced asthma.
Mild asthma attacks are generally more common. Usually, the airways open up within a few minutes to a few hours after treatment. Severe asthma attacks are less common but last longer and require immediate medical help. It is important to recognize and treat even mild symptoms of an asthma attack to help you prevent severe episodes and keep asthma under control.