Asthma medication plays a key role in how well you control your condition. There are two main types of treatment, each geared toward a specific goal.
Controller medicationsare the most important because they prevent asthma attacks. When you use these drugs, your airways are less inflamed and less likely to react to triggers.
Quick-relief medications -- also called rescue medications -- relax the muscles around your airway. If you have to use a rescue medication more than twice a week, your asthma isn’t well-controlled. But people who have exercise-induced asthma may use a quick-acting med called a beta-agonist before a workout.
The right medication should allow you to live an active and normal life. If your asthma symptoms aren’t controlled, ask your doctor to help you find a different treatment that works better.
Lung function tests are a way to check how well your lungs are working. Doctors use lung function tests to diagnose asthma and to monitor its progression. Monitoring asthma with lung function tests is helpful, because you may not always be able to tell -- just from your symptoms -- whether or not your asthma is under control.
In most cases, you have lung function tests in an exam room that contains special devices to measure lung function. A specially trained respiratory therapist or technician...
Anticholinergics. These are bronchodilators that can be paired with, or used instead of, short-acting beta-agonists.
Systemic corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that get symptoms under control quickly.
Inhalers, Nebulizers, and Pills as Asthma Medicine
There are a few ways to take asthma medications. Some are inhaled, using a metered dose inhaler, dry powder inhaler, or a nebulizer (which changes medication from a liquid to a mist). Others are taken by mouth, either in pill or liquid form. They can also be given by injection.
Some asthma drugs can be taken together. And some inhalers mix two different medications to get the drugs to your airways quicker.