It's important to take steps at home for asthma prevention if you have allergies. Asthma attacks (worsening of asthma symptoms) can be triggered by allergies, which can temporarily increase the inflammation of the airways in a susceptible person. If you can avoid coming in contact with the substance you are allergic to (allergen), you may be able to prevent symptoms of an asthma attack. Here are some tips to help prevent allergic asthma at home:
Wear a mask and gloves when cleaning, vacuuming, or painting to limit dust and chemical exposure.
Vacuum twice a week.
Limit throw rugs to reduce dust and mold. If you do have rugs, make sure they are washable.
When possible, choose hardwood floors instead of carpeting. If you must have carpeting, choose low-pile material.
Avoid dust-collecting Venetian blinds or long drapes. Replace old drapes with window shades instead. Washable curtains should be washed in hot water every two to four weeks.
Non-carpeted flooring is best. If you cannot get rid of your carpeting, vacuum often with a multi-layer, allergen-proof vacuum bag. Wear a mask while vacuuming. If your child has asthma, do not vacuum while he or she is in the room. Products that eliminate dust mites from carpeting (such as Acarosan) can be purchased. Your asthma care provider can give you information about these products.
Dust all surfaces with a damp cloth often, including lampshades and windowsills.
Keep clutter under control. Toys and books should be stored in enclosed bookshelves, drawers, or closets.
Replace traditional stuffed animals with washable stuffed animals.
Keep all clothing in drawers and closets. Keep drawers and closets closed.
Cover air ducts with filters or cheesecloth. Change these when soiled.
Pillows and bedding should not contain feathers.
Keep indoor humidity low (25%-50%). Use a dehumidifier.
Regularly change filters on heaters and air conditioners.