If you have asthma, it's important to carefully select an asthma specialist -- a doctor who understands respiratory problems and treats asthma -- as your health care provider. Here are some asthma specialists to consider:
Allergist. An allergist is a pediatrician or internist who has taken additional training to qualify as a specialist in allergy and immunology. An allergist specializes in allergies, asthma, and allergic asthma.
When asthma symptoms appear and are diagnosed in adults older than age , it is typically known as adult-onset asthma. About half of adults who have asthma also have allergies. Adult-onset asthma also may be the result of commonplace irritants in the workplace (called occupational asthma) or home environments, and the asthma symptoms come on suddenly.
Internist. An internist is a doctor who specializes in internal medicine -- the study of diseases in adults, particularly those related to internal organs -- and who has completed three years of training after medical school.
Pediatrician. A pediatrician is a doctor who has three years of special training after medical school in the care of children from birth though college. A pediatrician can diagnose and treat childhood asthma.
Pulmonologist. A pulmonologist has taken two or three additional years of training following residency in internal medicine or pediatrics to qualify as a specialist in respiratory diseases. Some pulmonologists may get additional board certification in critical-care medicine.
Questions to Ask When Choosing an Asthma Specialist
Once you determine the type of asthma specialist you want to see, consider the following questions to help make the best choice:
Is the doctor board certified? This means that the doctor passed a standard exam given by the governing board in his or her specialty.
Where did the doctor go to medical school? Your local medical society can provide this information.
Is the doctor involved in any academic pursuits, such as teaching, writing, or research? Such a doctor may be more up-to-date in the latest developments in the treatment of asthma.
Where does the doctor have hospital privileges and where are these hospitals located? Some doctors may not admit patients to certain hospitals, and this is an important consideration for anyone with a chronic health problem.
Does the doctor accept your particular type of health insurance, or is the doctor a member of the medical panel associated with your HMO?
Changes in medical coverage may mean that the doctor you now see will not be the one you see in a year or two. This makes it even more important to understand your asthma diagnosis fully, stay abreast of treatment methods, and follow your asthma action plan.
SOURCES: American Lung Association: "Asthma: You and Your Doctor." Smolley, L. Breathe Right Now, New York: Dell, 1999. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology: "What is a Board Certified Allergist/Immunologist?"