Not every person with asthma has the same symptoms in the same way. You may not have all of these symptoms, or you may have different symptoms at different times. Your symptoms may also vary from one asthma attack to the next, being mild during one asthma attack and severe during another.
As winter weather rolls in, so do colds and flu.
But for those with asthma, it can be an especially stressful time of year
because even a simple cold virus can trigger a major asthma event.
"In asthma, the lungs are already irritable and more reactive. So any
virus that impacts the lungs has a propensity for creating more problems,
including bringing on an asthma event faster and easier than many people
realize," says Jonathan Field, MD, director of the Allergy and Asthma
Clinic at NYU Medical...
Some people with asthma may go for extended periods without having any symptoms but experiencing periodic worsening of their symptoms called asthma attacks; others have some symptoms every day. In addition, some people with asthma may only have symptoms during exercise or when they are exposed to allergy-causing substances or viral infections like colds. Some people might have multiple triggers for their asthma attacks.
Mild asthma attacks are generally more common. Usually, the airways open up within a few minutes to a few hours after using a rescue medication and addressing the trigger. Severe attacks are less common but last longer and often require immediate medical help. It is important to recognize and treat even mild symptoms to help you prevent severe episodes, keep asthma under better control, and prevent a mild attack from developing into a severe one.
Are There Early Signs of an Asthma Attack?
Early warning signs are changes that happen just before or at the very beginning of an asthma attack. These changes start before the well-known symptoms of asthma and are the earliest signs that your asthma is worsening.
In general, these signs are not severe enough to stop you from going about your daily activities. But by recognizing these signs, you can stop an asthma attack or prevent one from getting worse. Early warning signs include:
Signs of a cold, or allergies (sneezing, runny nose, cough, nasal congestion, sore throat, and headache)
If you have early warning signs or symptoms, you should take asthma medication for flare-up or poor control as described in your asthma action plan. Remember, mild attacks can quickly progress to a severe attack.