Asthma in Teens and Adults - Symptoms
asthma can be mild or severe. You may have no
symptoms, severe symptoms every day, or something in between. How often you have
symptoms can also change. Symptoms of asthma may include:
- Wheezing, which is a whistling noise of
varying loudness that occurs when the airways of the lungs
- Coughing. This is the only symptom for some
- Chest tightness.
- Shortness of breath, which is
rapid, shallow breathing, or
- Sleep disturbance
because of coughing or having a hard time breathing.
- Tiring quickly
asthma attack occurs when your symptoms suddenly
increase. Factors that can lead to an asthma attack or make it worse
- Having a cold or another type of respiratory
illness, especially one caused by a virus, such as
- Exercising (exercise-induced
asthma), especially if the air is cold and dry.
- Exposure to
triggers, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution,
dust mites, or
- Being around chemicals or
other substances at work (occupational asthma).
- Changes in
hormones, such as during the start of a woman's
menstrual blood flow or pregnancy.
medicines, such as aspirin (aspirin-induced asthma) or
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Many people have symptoms that become worse at night
(nocturnal asthma), such as a cough and shortness of breath.
general, waking at night because of shortness of breath or a cough is a sign of
poorly controlled asthma.