Asthma in Teens and Adults - Symptoms
asthma can be mild or severe. You may have no
symptoms; severe, daily symptoms; or something in between. How often you have
symptoms can also change. Symptoms of asthma may include:
- Wheezing, which is a whistling noise of
varying loudness that occurs when the airways of the lungs (bronchial tubes)
- Coughing, which is the only symptom for some
- Chest tightness.
- Shortness of breath, which is
rapid, shallow breathing or
- Sleep disturbance
because of coughing or having a hard time breathing.
- Tiring quickly
asthma attack occurs when your symptoms suddenly
increase. Factors that can lead to an asthma attack or make it worse
Many people have symptoms that become worse at night
(nocturnal asthma). In all people, lung function changes throughout the day and
night. In people who have asthma, this often is very noticeable, especially at
night, and nighttime cough and shortness of breath frequently occur. In
general, waking at night because of shortness of breath or a cough indicates
poorly controlled asthma.
Symptoms are used to
classify asthma by severity. They are used along
peak expiratory flow to help define the green, yellow,
and red zones of your
asthma action plan. You use this plan to decide on
treatment during an asthma attack.