Your short-term goal is to control your current symptoms.
goal is to prevent symptoms so that asthma does not
impact your daily activities.
Special considerations in treating
Managing asthma during pregnancy. If a
woman had asthma before becoming pregnant, her symptoms may get better or worse
during pregnancy. Pregnant women whose asthma is not well controlled may be at
risk for a number of complications.
Managing asthma in older adults. Older adults tend to have worse asthma symptoms and a higher
risk of death from asthma than younger people. They may also have one or more
other health conditions or take other medicines that can make asthma symptoms
Managing exercise-induced asthma. Exercise often
causes asthma symptoms. Steps you can take to reduce the risk of this include
using medicine immediately before you exercise.
Managing asthma before surgery. People who have moderate to severe asthma are at
higher risk of having problems during and after surgery than people who do
not have asthma.
Managing asthma symptoms at night. Sometimes
allergens that get in the airway can cause problems up to 8 hours later. This
is called a late allergic response (LAR). Or your controller medicine may wear
off during sleep, causing you to wake up. Your doctor may be able to change the
dose or timing of medicine to make sure it lasts through the night.
After your initial treatment for
asthma, it is important to learn more about the
condition and develop an overall plan to manage the disease. You and your
doctor will work together to do this. Because asthma develops from a complex
interaction of genetics, environmental factors, and the reaction of the
immune system, no one management plan is effective for
Monitoring peak expiratory flow. It is easy to underestimate the severity of your symptoms. You may
not notice them until your lungs are functioning at 50% of your
personal best peak expiratory flow (PEF). Measuring
PEF is a way to keep track of asthma symptoms at home. It can help you know
when your lung function is becoming worse before it drops to a dangerously low
level. You can do this with a
peak flow meter. For more information, see:
A plan to deal with factors that can make asthma worse (triggers). Being around
triggers increases symptoms. Try to avoid situations
that expose you to irritants (such as smoke or air pollution) or to substances
animal dander) to which you may be allergic. If
substances at work are causing your asthma or making it worse (occupational asthma), you may have to change jobs. See
Oral or injected corticosteroids
(systemic corticosteroids) to treat any sudden and severe symptoms (asthma attacks), such as shortness of breath. Oral corticosteroids are used
more than injected corticosteroids.
Oral corticosteroids include prednisone and