Behavioral problems, such as being overactive or having poor attention span, as he or she grows up. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome continue to have behavioral and learning difficulties into adulthood.
Marijuana use can cause premature delivery, small size, and low birth weight. Cocaine and amphetamine use can cause spontaneous abortions, preterm labor, and low birth weight. A baby of a mother addicted to heroin, cocaine, or amphetamines may experience severe symptoms of drug withdrawal shortly after birth. Also, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can be transmitted from shared needles used to inject drugs. HIV can then pass to the baby from the infected mother before birth.
Some of the damage caused by alcohol and drug use can occur very early in pregnancy. If you are thinking about becoming pregnant, stop drinking or using drugs before trying to become pregnant. Exposure to drugs or alcohol is particularly damaging during the first 3 months (first trimester) of pregnancy. Some women do not even realize that they are pregnant during this time.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerWilliam H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerPeter Monti, PhD - Alcohol and Addiction
Current as ofMarch 12, 2014
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
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