Exercise During Pregnancy: Myth vs. Fact
Experts say what's safe and what's not safe when it comes to staying fit during pregnancy.
Myth or Fact: If you were a runner before pregnancy, you can continue to run during pregnancy.
Fact. As long as you and your pregnancy are healthy, and you feel OK,
experts say it's safe to run right up until you go into labor. "Both ACOG and
the National Academy of Sports Medicine have said that if you were running prior to pregnancy, you can continue during
pregnancy, as long as you feel OK," says Hruska.
If it does start to feel "odd," she says, listen to your body and don't do
it. She also reminds us that this is not the time to break any performance
records. "Also realize that as your pregnancy progresses, you're going to be
able to do a little less with each trimester. So don't compete with your
pre-pregnancy running achievements, or even with what you could accomplish in a
previous trimester," says Hruska. Talk to your doctor about your exercise plan
and any precautions that may pertain to your individual situation.
Myth or Fact: Pregnancy can make you more prone to certain fitness injuries.
Fact. During pregnancy, your body produces a hormone called
relaxin. It's designed to help lubricate joints so labor is easier. When
joints are too "lax," your risk of injury increases.
"What you want to avoid are any activities involving deep muscle or joint
movements -- heavy lunges, squats, those types of activities," says
Farrell warns us to be careful during the flexibility portion of any
workout. "You're going to find you have an increased range of motion, but
that's not necessarily a good thing, because it can lead to injury," says
Hruska. To avoid problems, she says, stay inside your pre-pregnancy range of
motion. "Just because you now find it easy to reach well beyond your toes,
doesn't mean you should!" says Hruska.
Myth or Fact: Not every exercise is safe to do during pregnancy.
Fact. Exercises involving balance, like biking or skiing, or contact
sports like soccer, can be risky during pregnancy. "After the fourth month,
your balance is affected. So that's when you don't want to do anything that
will put your body in an unstable position, which is any exercise or activity
that requires balance," says Fleming.
Myth or Fact: If I exercise too much during pregnancy, I will pull nutrients from my baby so he/she won't grow properly.
Myth. "The reality is that your baby is going to get what it needs.
So if anything, you'll have a dip in your own nutrient stores, but your baby's
stores will be fine," says Riley. The way to avoid any problems for you, she
says, is to keep blood sugar levels balanced by eating smaller, more frequent
meals. "Babies of mommies who exercise during pregnancy are born leaner, but
organ size and head circumference are normal. So don't be afraid to exercise
during pregnancy," says Riley.