VBAC: Participation During Birth - Topic Overview
You and your birth partner can participate more fully in a vaginal birth than you can in a cesarean delivery. During a cesarean delivery,the mother receives either a regional anesthetic or a general anesthetic and cannot fully participate in her baby's birth. Some mothers feel very strongly about being able to bond with the baby immediately after birth. Unless there is some complication,a ...
Pregnancy: Vegetarian Diet - Topic Overview
A balanced vegetarian diet can provide all the nutrients you need for a healthy pregnancy. If you eat a vegetarian diet,pay special attention to getting enough protein,vitamin B12,calcium,vitamin D,zinc,and iron while you are pregnant and breast-feeding. These nutrients are vital to your fetus's cellular growth,brain and organ development,and weight gain. Consider working with a ...
Miscarriage: Expectant Management for Incomplete Miscarriage - Topic Overview
Traditionally,an incomplete miscarriage has been treated surgically with dilation and curettage (D&C). This practice is based on the concern that an incomplete miscarriage,in which a woman's uterus retains tissue,can lead to excessive bleeding or infection. But expectant management is a safe treatment option for many early,uncomplicated miscarriages. If you choose expectant management,...
Miscarriage: Vacuum Aspiration - Topic Overview
Vacuum aspiration,also called suction aspiration or dilation and aspiration,can be used to empty the uterus after an incomplete early miscarriage. This procedure involves the use of a hollow tube called a cannula that is attached by tubing to a bottle and a pump,which provides a gentle vacuum. The cannula is passed through the vagina into the uterus,the pump is turned on,and the tissue is ...
Indirect Coombs' Test - Topic Overview
An indirect Coombs' test determines whether there are antibodies to the Rh factor in the mother’s blood. A normal (negative) result means that the mother has not developed antibodies against the fetus's blood. A negative Coombs' test indicates that the fetus is not presently in danger from problems relating to Rh incompatibility. An abnormal (positive) result means that the mother has ...
Cervical Cerclage to Prevent Preterm Delivery
Cervical cerclage is the placement of stitches in the cervix to hold it closed. In select cases, this procedure is used to prevent early opening of a weak cervix (incompetent cervix), a rare cause of preterm labor and delivery.
Placenta Previa - Topic Overview
What is placenta previa?Placenta previa is a pregnancy problem in which the placenta blocks the cervix. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms on the inside wall of the uterus soon after conception. During pregnancy, it gives the baby food and oxygen from the mother.In a normal pregnancy, the placenta is attached high up in the uterus, away from the cervix. In placenta previa, the placenta forms low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. If placenta previa is present during labor and delivery, it can cause problems for both mother and baby.The mother may lose a lot of blood, which can be dangerous for both her and her baby. The placenta may separate too early from the wall of the uterus. This is called placenta abruptio, and it can cause serious bleeding, too.The baby may be born too early (premature), at a low birth weight, or with a birth defect.What causes placenta previa?Doctors aren't sure what causes this problem. But some things make you more likely to have
Preterm Labor - Cause
Preterm labor can be caused by a problem involving the fetus, the mother, or both. A combination of several factors is often responsible.
Pregnancy: Healthy Weight Gain - Topic Overview
During pregnancy, lots of women wonder about how their body will change and how much weight they will gain. Maybe this is something that you've been thinking about too. Weight gain is healthy and normal when you're pregnant. And there's no fixed number of pounds that you should be aiming for. Instead, there's a range of weight gain that's good for you and your baby. Ask your doctor what your range is for healthy weight gain. It's based on your health, your pregnancy, and your weight before pregnancy.If you're worried about weight gain during pregnancy, try not to focus too much on the numbers. Think more about having a healthy pregnancy by being active and feeding your baby with healthy foods.Why does weight gain during pregnancy matter? Gaining too much or too little weight raises some health risks for you and your baby. Gaining too much weight when you're pregnant can raise your risk of having a large baby. If your newborn is 10 lb (5 kg) or larger, you may be more likely to have: A
Miscarriage - Home Treatment
There is nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. It is your body's way of ending a pregnancy that has had a bad start, often at the earliest stage of cell division.