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    Health & Pregnancy

    Medical Reference Related to Health & Pregnancy

    1. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      Birth defects tests are done during pregnancy to look for possible problems with an unborn baby (fetus). Birth defects develop when something is wrong with the genetic material (genes or chromosomes), an organ, or body chemistry. A birth defect may have only a mild impact on a child's life, or it can have a major effect on quality of life or life span. Birth defects include:Genetic disorders such

    2. Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview

      Having an ectopic pregnancy may affect your future fertility, and it increases your risk of having another ectopic pregnancy. When an ectopic pregnancy grows in a fallopian tube, it can damage the surrounding tubal tissue. This may make it more likely that an egg will get stuck there in the future. But early detection and treatment can minimize the damaging effects of an ectopic pregnancy. Future fertilityYour chances of having another ectopic pregnancy will be affected by your own combination of risk factors (things that increase your risk). These can include smoking, use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to get pregnant, and how much fallopian tube damage you have.Your future fertility and chances of having a successful pregnancy in the future will also depend on:Whether your other fallopian tube is healthy. The extent of damage to your fallopian tube.Whether you have a history of infertility.Early detection is the key to avoiding new tube damage. As long as you have one

    3. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      It is important for pregnant women with an active tuberculosis (TB) infection to receive treatment,because the TB infection is dangerous to the developing fetus. 1 Treatment usually involves isoniazid,rifampin,and ethambutol for 9 months. If the TB bacteria cannot be killed by any of these first-line medicines,then other medicines and a longer treatment time may be needed. The World Health ...

    4. Caffeine During Pregnancy - Topic Overview

      Antiphospholipid syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease that has been closely linked to some cases of recurrent miscarriage. Antiphospholipid syndrome increases blood clotting and can cause dangerous blood clots (thrombosis) and circulatory problems. For some women,the only sign of this condition is an early miscarriage,a later pregnancy loss related to a poorly functioning placenta,or ...

    5. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      What is placenta previa?Placenta previa is a pregnancy problem in which the placenta blocks the cervix. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms on the inside wall of the uterus soon after conception. During pregnancy, it gives the baby food and oxygen from the mother.In a normal pregnancy, the placenta is attached high up in the uterus, away from the cervix. In placenta previa, the placenta forms low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. If placenta previa is present during labor and delivery, it can cause problems for both mother and baby.The mother may lose a lot of blood, which can be dangerous for both her and her baby. The placenta may separate too early from the wall of the uterus. This is called placenta abruptio, and it can cause serious bleeding, too.The baby may be born too early (premature), at a low birth weight, or with a birth defect.What causes placenta previa?Doctors aren't sure what causes this problem. But some things make you more likely to have

    6. Pregnancy: Varicose Veins - Topic Overview

      Sleep problems are common during pregnancy. Sleep studies tell us that hormonal changes,plus the discomforts of later pregnancy,can break up a pregnant woman's sleep cycle. The first trimester can bring insomnia and night waking. Most women feel the need to take naps to battle daytime sleepiness and fatigue. The second trimester tends to feel more normal for many women. This is often a ...

    7. Pregnancy: Vegetarian Diet - Topic Overview

      A balanced vegetarian diet can provide all the nutrients you need for a healthy pregnancy. If you eat a vegetarian diet,pay special attention to getting enough protein,vitamin B12,calcium,vitamin D,zinc,and iron while you are pregnant and breast-feeding. These nutrients are vital to your fetus's cellular growth,brain and organ development,and weight gain. Consider working with a ...

    8. Partner Support During Pregnancy - Topic Overview

      Caffeine is the most frequently used drug during pregnancy. In small amounts,caffeine is considered safe for the fetus. It's a good idea to keep your caffeine intake below 200 mg a day because: 1 More caffeine may be connected to a higher rate of miscarriage. There is not enough evidence to know for sure. 2 Caffeine is a diuretic,meaning it makes you urinate more often. This can cause you ...

    9. Gestational Diabetes - Topic Overview

      Your first prenatal visit is likely to be more extensive than later prenatal checks. Your doctor will take your medical history and perform a complete physical exam. Medical history Your medical history helps your doctor plan the best possible care for your pregnancy and childbirth. It includes: Your menstrual history,including your age when menstruation started,whether your cycles are ...

    10. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      Pregnancy starts a new phase of your relationship with your partner. You can expect a natural shift in roles as well as attention to and expectations of each other. If you are new to parenthood as a couple,you will notice that your focus on each other is evolving into something new-attention to a third party,your future child. After the birth,you will get to know each other in new ways,as ...

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