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Health & Pregnancy

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Tips for Safe-Toy Shopping

Organizations Warn of Dangerous Toys

WebMD Health News

Nov. 26, 2002 -- It is the time of year when toys come to the forefront of many parents' consciousness. It is a time to make lists and grant wishes.

It is also a time to consider toy safety, according to the latest annual survey of the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (PIRG), titled "Trouble in Toyland," which highlights potential risks of toys discovered on store shelves during a survey in October and November 2002.

A survey by the Consumer Product and Safety Commission (CPSC) identified 255,100 toy-related injuries in U.S. emergency rooms in 2001, with 25 toy-related deaths. Balloons were one of the most serious offenders, with children choking on balloon fragments after they pop unexpectedly. The PIRG has also released a brochure entitled "Tips for Toy Safety," which is available from the PIRG or can be downloaded from

In case you've already done your holiday shopping, the CPSC released a list of toys that have been recalled over the past year, along with steps to take to return them. It also lists other products that could pose a danger to children. (

"Children still needlessly choke to death on toys that can be found on store shelves," said Jen Thompson, PIRG consumer associate and an author on the report, at a news conference. Such hazards remain despite the passage in 1994 of the Child Safety Protection Act.

Toy manufacturers don't agree with the conclusions. "Toys are the safest they have ever been," said Pamela Johnston, a spokeswoman for the Toy Industry Association, which provides its own "toy hotline" to answer questions about toys and safe play, including suggestions for types of toys by age group and a "top 10" to-do list for toy safety (

The report identified several key areas of concern. Choking on small balls or balloons continues to be a leading cause of death, and many balloons are sold from bins that contain no warning labels. The PIRG recommended that children under the age of 8 should be steered away from balloons. But if balloons are a must, try mylar balloons, which tend to be safer, said Thompson.

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