It can seem like it takes a village to have a healthy baby. As the mom-to-be, you're the leader. Here’s how to choose the people you’ll need to care for you and your baby before, during, and after delivery.
Your Choices for Prenatal Care and Delivery
Many health care experts provide prenatal care and help with delivery. Most are good choices if you have a healthy pregnancy. Others are specially qualified to help if you have any complications along the way.
Family medicine doctors care for a low-risk pregnancy and birth. That means neither the mom nor baby has complications. If you or your baby do develop any problems during the pregnancy, a family medicine doctor might work with a specialist.
Obstetricians (OBs) take care of pregnant women specifically. An obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) cares for the reproductive health of all women, pregnant or not.
Maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialists are also called perinatologists. These doctors have special training in handling complicated and high-risk pregnancies.
Midwives are specially trained nurses or another type of health professional. Midwives usually focus on natural childbirth and reducing unnecessary medication and medical care during pregnancy. Midwives care for healthy women with low-risk pregnancies. They also consult with specialists if any problems arise. Certified nurse midwives (CNMs) are licensed to provide care everywhere in the United States, but there are many different types of midwives. Their privileges -- along with policies about insurance coverage -- vary from state to state.
Doulas are non-medical, trained professionals. They support and help you before labor, with labor, and after childbirth.
Nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and registered nurses can help before, during, and after your baby’s birth.
Your Choice for Pediatrician
It's good to start looking for a pediatrician before your baby is due. You can take the time to find someone you feel comfortable with. Once you have a pediatrician, tell the hospital where you plan to give birth. If your pediatrician has privileges at the hospital you’re in, he or she can start working with you and your baby from birth.