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Episiotomy and Perineal Tears - References

Citations

  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2006, reaffirmed 2011). Episiotomy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 71. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 107(4): 957–962.

  2. Beckmann MM, Stock OM (2013). Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4).

Other Works Consulted

  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2006, reaffirmed 2011). Episiotomy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 71. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 107(4): 957–962.

  • Kettle C, Tohill S (2011). Perineal care, search date March 2010. BMJ Clinical Evidence. Available online: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: March 12, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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