Placenta Abruptio - Symptoms
Not every woman with
placenta abruptio has symptoms.
If you have placenta abruptio, you may notice one or more symptoms,
- Vaginal bleeding. Depending on
the location and amount of separation, vaginal bleeding varies in amount (scant
to heavy) and color (bright to dark red). Light vaginal bleeding does not
necessarily indicate a minor problem. In some cases, a large amount of blood
can be pooled between the placenta and the uterine wall, resulting in little or
no vaginal bleeding.
- Uterine tenderness or pain. The uterus may feel hard or rigid.
- Signs of preterm labor. In some women with placenta abruptio,
labor symptoms are the first sign of trouble. Labor symptoms can include:
- Regular contractions.
- Pain in
the abdomen or back. This pain can be sharp or aching.
In rare cases, when heavy blood loss is retained in the
uterus behind the placenta, the only signs of placenta abruptio are symptoms of
shock. Early signs of shock (most of which are present at the same time)
- Lightheadedness or a feeling that you are about
to pass out.
- Restlessness, confusion, or feelings of fear or
- Shallow, rapid breathing.
- Moist, cool skin or
possibly profuse sweating.
- Thirst, nausea, or
High blood pressure (hypertension) is the most common risk
factor associated with placenta abruptio. For more information, see the topic
Preeclampsia and High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy.