Preeclampsia - Exams and Tests
Preeclampsia is usually found during regular
Routine prenatal tests
Certain tests are given at
each prenatal visit to check for preeclampsia. These
- Blood pressure reading. Blood pressure is always monitored closely during pregnancy.
- Urine testUrine test to check for too much protein in the
urine. This is a sign of kidney damage caused by preeclampsia.
measurement. Rapid weight gain can be a sign of preeclampsia.
Tests for women considered high-risk for preeclampsia
Other tests may also be used to check for signs of
Tests for women who have preeclampsia
If results from
one or more of the above tests suggest that you have preeclampsia, you and your
baby will be closely monitored for the rest of your pregnancy.
Testing is more frequent and extensive when preeclampsia is severe and
the pregnancy is far from full-term (less than 36 weeks).
You may have a physical exam to check for signs that preeclampsia is getting worse.
You may also have:
- Blood tests to check for blood abnormalities
and kidney damage.
- A creatinine clearance test.
Tests for women who have eclampsia
If you have a
seizure (eclampsia), one or more of the following tests may be
done after delivery:
Tests for the baby
If you get preeclampsia, the baby's health also will be closely
watched. The more severe your condition, the more often you'll need testing,
ranging from once a week to daily.
Tests commonly used include:
amniocentesis is used to check fetal well-being if
preterm delivery is being considered. The test shows whether the baby's lungs are mature enough for birth.