Pregnancy and Chronic High Blood Pressure - Topic Overview
Women with chronic
high blood pressure require special medical care
before, during, and after their pregnancies.
- Some blood pressure medicines are not recommended
for use during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Talk to your doctor if you take
blood pressure medicines and are pregnant or planning a pregnancy.
High blood pressure (140/90 mm Hg or higher) during a pregnancy
increases the risks of:
- Fetal growth problems (intrauterine
growth restriction, or IUGR).
- Placenta abruptio.
Many women with chronic high blood pressure need little or no
medicine during pregnancy. Blood pressure usually falls during early pregnancy,
so medicine is often not needed unless blood pressure increases to higher
Undiagnosed chronic high blood pressure and pregnancy
High blood pressure is a disorder with few or no symptoms. When planning
a pregnancy, see your doctor for a review of pregnancy risks, such as high
Women with elevated blood pressure during
pregnancy receive frequent blood pressure readings, blood tests, and urine
screens for signs of preeclampsia.