Pain Management and Spinal Stenosis
WebMD provides an overview of the causes, symptoms, and treatment of spinal stenosis.
Evaluating Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Your doctor can learn a lot about what is causing low back pain or other symptoms by watching you as you move, and by doing simple tests. Here are some of the things your doctor may do to evaluate your low back pain:Observe how you move. Spasms of the muscles next to the spine can create pain with any of these tests.Walking. You walk while your doctor watches you for things like how you move and carry your body, and whether you limp or favor one leg as you walk. Your doctor may also watch to see how you sit down, lie down, and get up.Flexion. You bend forward and try to touch your toes. If bending forward causes pain, it may mean you have a disc problem.Extension. You hyperextend your back by bending backward. Pain that increases when bending backward (extending the spine) suggests degenerative changes, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis.Rotation and side bending. You rotate your back by keeping your hips still and turning your upper body from side to side to do a rotation test.
Lumbar Spinal Fusion (Arthrodesis)
Spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is a surgical procedure that joins, or fuses, two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion is major surgery, usually lasting several hours. There are different methods of spinal fusion.
Scoliosis - Cause
In about 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and appears to be related to several factors, including genetics, as it often runs in families.
Scoliosis - Surgery
Surgery may be used to treat severe scoliosis. The goal of surgery is to improve a severe spinal curve. The result will not be a perfectly straight spine, but the goal is to balance the spine and to make sure the curve does not get worse.
Scoliosis - Symptoms
In children and teens, scoliosis generally does not cause symptoms and is not obvious until the curve of the spine becomes severe. It may first become noticeable to a parent who observes that the child's clothes do not fit right or that hems hang unevenly
Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Chronic Pain
Spinal cord stimulation is a procedure that uses an electrical current to treat chronic pain. To treat chronic low back pain, a small pulse generator, implanted in the back, transmits electrical pulses to the spinal cord. These pulses interfere with the nerve impulses responsible for leg pain due to nerve damage (sciatica).Implanting the stimulator is considered to be a simple procedure, ...
Scoliosis - What Increases Your Risk
Factors that increase a person's risk for scoliosis include: Family history. Scoliosis is known to run in families. Children - especially daughters - of women who have scoliosis are at increased risk for having scoliosis.Being female. Girls between the ag
Scoliosis - Exams and Tests
Scoliosis testing usually begins with a history and physical exam. This includes the forward - bending test, a simple test in which the child bends forward at the waist, arms hanging loosely and palms touching, and the examiner looks for unevenness in th
Scoliosis - What Happens
Idiopathic scoliosis, the most common type, does not have a known cause. Children who have this type of scoliosis usually first develop symptoms between the ages of 8 and 10. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, involving small curves in the spine that do no