Low Back Pain - Exams and Tests
Low-Back-Pain-Exams and Tests
Pain Management: Doctors Who Treat Pain
An overview of doctors who specialize in pain management.
Spinal Curves in Scoliosis - Topic Overview
Doctors use X-ray images of a person's spine to measure spinal curvature. A curve or angle of the spine is measured in degrees and describes how severe the curve is. (The angle is determined by the intersection of lines projected from the top and bottom of the curve.) If the spine is straight, there is no angle; this would be a 0-degree curve. If the spine is curved, the angle can be measured. The larger the curve, the larger the angle or degree measurement. For example, a 10-degree curve is considered a mild curve, and a 50-degree curve is considered a severe curve.Many people have some curve in their spine. In fact, spinal curves that are less than 10 degrees are considered a normal variation of the spine. Curves that are greater than 10 degrees may be monitored (to see whether the curve is getting worse) or may need treatment.In addition to the severity of the curve, curves are described by their direction and location.Direction is based on which way the curve bends away from the
Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis
In spinal fusion for scoliosis, rods, hooks, wires, or screws are attached to the curved part of the backbone and the spine is straightened. Small pieces of bone are then put over the spine.
Scoliosis: Spinal Instrumentation Without Fusion - Topic Overview
Spinal instrumentation without fusion for scoliosis involves attaching devices (such as metal rods, hooks, wires, and screws) in or near the spine to correct a spinal curve without actually fusing the vertebrae together. The goal of this surgical procedure is to stabilize a severe spinal curve in a growing child without fusing an area of the spine that would stop growth in that area.This procedure is used, with some limitations, on children who are still growing and have severe spinal curves that are getting worse. Benefits of this procedure include that it:Allows for normal vertical growth of the spine.May stabilize a severe spinal curve.Prevents a spinal curve from getting worse.Limitations of this procedure include:Possible complications from surgery, such as devices that do not stay in place or break, the need to remove devices due to infection or other problems, or the need for another surgery.The need for several surgeries (as many as six surgeries, or two surgeries a year) to
A myelogram uses a special dye and an X-ray (fluoroscopy) to make pictures of the bones and the space (subarachnoid space) between the bones in your spine (spinal canal).
Getting a Laminectomy: Before, During, and After
WebMD explains what you need to know as you prepare for your laminectomy: what happens before, during, and after a laminectomy.
TENS for Back Pain
WebMD explains the use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation - or TENS - to relieve back pain.
Back Surgery: Risks and Benefits
Learn more from WebMD about the risks and benefits of various types of back surgery.
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan of the Spine
A computed tomography (CT) scan uses X-rays to make detailed pictures of the spine and vertebrae in the neck (cervical spine), upper back (thoracic spine), or lower back (lumbosacral spine).