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    Back Pain Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Back Pain

    1. Low Back Pain - Topic Overview

      Spinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal canal that occurs when excessive growth of bone and/or tissue reduces the size of the openings in the spinal bones.

    2. Whiplash - What Happens

      Idiopathic scoliosis, the most common type, does not have a known cause. Children who have this type of scoliosis usually first develop symptoms between the ages of 8 and 10. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, involving small curves in the spine that do no

    3. Muscle Relaxants

      Drug details for Muscle relaxants for low back pain.

    4. Low Back Pain - What Increases Your Risk

      The risk of having lumbar spinal stenosis increases if you are older than age 50, have a history of spinal injury, or have osteoarthritis (spondylosis) of the spine.

    5. Physical Therapy for Back Pain - Prevention

      Lumbar spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by age - related changes of the spine, which can squeeze the spinal cord or its nerve roots. Some of these changes cannot be prevented; however, you may be able to control the severity of spinal stenosis by m

    6. Whiplash - Topic Overview

      Your doctor can learn a lot about what is causing low back pain or other symptoms by watching you as you move, and by doing simple tests. Here are some of the things your doctor may do to evaluate your low back pain:Observe how you move. Spasms of the muscles next to the spine can create pain with any of these tests.Walking. You walk while your doctor watches you for things like how you move and carry your body, and whether you limp or favor one leg as you walk. Your doctor may also watch to see how you sit down, lie down, and get up.Flexion. You bend forward and try to touch your toes. If bending forward causes pain, it may mean you have a disc problem.Extension. You hyperextend your back by bending backward. Pain that increases when bending backward (extending the spine) suggests degenerative changes, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis.Rotation and side bending. You rotate your back by keeping your hips still and turning your upper body from side to side to do a rotation test.

    7. Physical Therapy for Back Pain - Topic Overview

      Botulinum toxin A is a protein produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum,the same bacteria that causes botulism food poisoning. When injected into muscle in tiny amounts,botulinum A (Botox) can stop or reduce muscle spasm by blocking nerve signals to the muscle. This treatment has been used since the early 1990s to relieve severe muscle spasms around the eyes and in the neck,arms,...

    8. Opiate Pain Relievers for Spinal Stenosis

      Drug details for Opioids for spinal stenosis.

    9. Whiplash - Cause

      In about 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and appears to be related to several factors, including genetics, as it often runs in families.

    10. Low Back Pain - Treatment Overview

      Learn about treatment for herniated disc.

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