Degenerative Disc Disease - Topic Overview
What is degenerative disc disease?Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs as you age. Spinal discs are soft, compressible discs that separate the interlocking bones (vertebrae) that make up the spine. The discs act as shock absorbers for the spine, allowing it to flex, bend, and twist. Degenerative disc disease can take
Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy (IDET) for Low Back Pain
Intradiscal electrothermic therapy (IDET) is a relatively new, minimally invasive treatment for spinal disc - related chronic low back pain.
Low Back Pain: Easing Back Into Your Daily Activities - Topic Overview
Bed rest of more than a couple of days can actually make your low back pain worse and lead to other problems such as stiff joints and muscle weakness. If you do use bed rest for a short time,remember the following guidelines. Sitting up in bed puts additional pressure on the intervertebral discs. Lying on your side puts a little more pressure on the discs than lying on your back. Trying to ...
Discography for Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Discography is a medical procedure that involves injecting a dye into the jellylike center of a spinal disc to help diagnose back problems. During discography,a doctor looks at the amount of pressure needed to inject the dye into the disc,whether it causes pain that is the same as your regular pain,how much dye is used,and how the dye appears on X-ray once it is inside the disc. Most people ...
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I have surgery for spinal stenosis?
Lumbar Spinal Fusion (Arthrodesis)
Spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is a surgical procedure that joins, or fuses, two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion is major surgery, usually lasting several hours. There are different methods of spinal fusion.
Proper Sitting for a Healthy Back - Topic Overview
Slouching puts stress on your lower back and contributes to low back problems. When you sit,keep your shoulders back,keeping a slight curve in your lower back. Place a small pillow,a rolled-up towel,or a lumbar roll in the curve of your back if you need extra support. Sit in a chair that is low enough to let you place both feet flat on the floor with both knees slightly lower than your ...
Evaluating Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Your doctor can learn a lot about what is causing low back pain or other symptoms by watching you as you move, and by doing simple tests. Here are some of the things your doctor may do to evaluate your low back pain:Observe how you move. Spasms of the muscles next to the spine can create pain with any of these tests.Walking. You walk while your doctor watches you for things like how you move and carry your body, and whether you limp or favor one leg as you walk. Your doctor may also watch to see how you sit down, lie down, and get up.Flexion. You bend forward and try to touch your toes. If bending forward causes pain, it may mean you have a disc problem.Extension. You hyperextend your back by bending backward. Pain that increases when bending backward (extending the spine) suggests degenerative changes, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis.Rotation and side bending. You rotate your back by keeping your hips still and turning your upper body from side to side to do a rotation test.
Quick Tips: Using Backpacks Safely - Get started
Backpacks are handy for carrying books-and lots of other things. But if they’re not used right,they can strain muscles and even cause back pain. Backpack safety is important for everyone. It's especially important for children,who can be hurt by regularly carrying too much weight or by not wearing their backpacks safely. Choose the right backpack Look for these features: Light weight. ...
History and Physical Exam for Low Back Pain
A thorough history to evaluate low back pain includes an assessment of:Pattern, intensity, and duration of the current episode of low back pain (you may be asked to complete a pain drawing to identify the sites and symptoms of pain). Make sure your doctor understands what brings on or increases your pain and what makes you feel better.Spine problems you have had since birth (congenital spine ...