Scoliosis - Cause
In about 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and appears to be related to several factors, including genetics, as it often runs in families.
Spondylolisthesis - Topic Overview
What is spondylolisthesis?Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back (vertebra) slides forward over the bone below it. It most often occurs in the lower spine (lumbosacral area). In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in your legs. It can also lead to losing control over your bladder or
Use Heat or Ice to Relieve Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
There is some evidence that heat will help decrease low back pain. There is little proof that cold will help. 1 But some people do find that heat or cold help them. Follow these suggestions if you would like to try heat or cold for low back pain. Heat to relieve low back pain Apply heat for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. Moist heat (hot packs,baths,showers) works better than dry heat. Try an ...
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Other Treatment
Physical therapy is an important part of nonsurgical and postsurgical treatment for spinal stenosis. Physical therapy can reduce pain, improve function, and build muscle strength.
Scoliosis - Medications
When back pain occurs in association with scoliosis, the pain may be caused by problems in a muscle, disc, facet, or nerve root, or by a tumor. It is not usually caused by the curve itself. Some people may use nonprescription medicines such as aspirin and
Scoliosis - Exams and Tests
Scoliosis testing usually begins with a history and physical exam. This includes the forward - bending test, a simple test in which the child bends forward at the waist, arms hanging loosely and palms touching, and the examiner looks for unevenness in th
Low Back Pain: Exercises to Reduce Pain
Key pointsLow back pain is very common among adults and is often caused by overuse and muscle strain or injury. Treatment can help you stay as active as possible, and it will help you understand that some continued or repeated back pain is not surprising or dangerous.1Most low back pain can get better if you stay active, avoid positions and activities that may increase or cause back pain, use ...
Cervical Spinal Stenosis - Topic Overview
What is cervical spinal stenosis?Cervical spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck. The spinal canal is the open area in the bones (vertebrae) that make up the spinal column. The spinal cord is a collection of nerves that runs through the spinal canal from the base of the brain to the lower back. These nerves allow us to feel, to move, and to control the bowel and bladder .
Decompressive Laminectomy for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Decompressive laminectomy is the most common type of surgery done to treat spinal stenosis.
History and Physical Exam for Low Back Pain
A thorough history to evaluate low back pain includes an assessment of:Pattern, intensity, and duration of the current episode of low back pain (you may be asked to complete a pain drawing to identify the sites and symptoms of pain). Make sure your doctor understands what brings on or increases your pain and what makes you feel better.Spine problems you have had since birth (congenital spine ...