Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - When To Call a Doctor
Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if a fall or injury -- even a mild one -- has caused numbness or weakness in one or both arms, or one or both legs, or low back pain is accompanied by an inability to move the legs (paralysis), confusion, o
Evaluating Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Your doctor can learn a lot about what is causing low back pain or other symptoms by watching you as you move, and by doing simple tests. Here are some of the things your doctor may do to evaluate your low back pain:Observe how you move. Spasms of the muscles next to the spine can create pain with any of these tests.Walking. You walk while your doctor watches you for things like how you move and carry your body, and whether you limp or favor one leg as you walk. Your doctor may also watch to see how you sit down, lie down, and get up.Flexion. You bend forward and try to touch your toes. If bending forward causes pain, it may mean you have a disc problem.Extension. You hyperextend your back by bending backward. Pain that increases when bending backward (extending the spine) suggests degenerative changes, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis.Rotation and side bending. You rotate your back by keeping your hips still and turning your upper body from side to side to do a rotation test.
Scoliosis - Other Treatment
Treatment other than surgery for scoliosis includes: Observation. In a child who is still growing, a spinal curve that is less than 25 degrees may require only regular checkups every 4 to 6 months to see whether the curve is getting worse. And wearing a b
Spondylolisthesis - Topic Overview
What is spondylolisthesis?Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back (vertebra) slides forward over the bone below it. It most often occurs in the lower spine (lumbosacral area). In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in your legs. It can also lead to losing control over your bladder or
Scoliosis - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I (or my child) have surgery for scoliosis?
Lumbar Spinal Fusion (Arthrodesis)
Spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is a surgical procedure that joins, or fuses, two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion is major surgery, usually lasting several hours. There are different methods of spinal fusion.
Use Heat or Ice to Relieve Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
There is some evidence that heat will help decrease low back pain. There is little proof that cold will help. 1 But some people do find that heat or cold help them. Follow these suggestions if you would like to try heat or cold for low back pain. Heat to relieve low back pain Apply heat for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. Moist heat (hot packs,baths,showers) works better than dry heat. Try an ...
Low Back Pain: Exercises to Reduce Pain
Key pointsLow back pain is very common among adults and is often caused by overuse and muscle strain or injury. Treatment can help you stay as active as possible, and it will help you understand that some continued or repeated back pain is not surprising or dangerous.1Most low back pain can get better if you stay active, avoid positions and activities that may increase or cause back pain, use ...
Decompressive Laminectomy for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Decompressive laminectomy is the most common type of surgery done to treat spinal stenosis.
Cervical Spinal Stenosis - Topic Overview
What is cervical spinal stenosis?Cervical spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck. The spinal canal is the open area in the bones (vertebrae) that make up the spinal column. The spinal cord is a collection of nerves that runs through the spinal canal from the base of the brain to the lower back. These nerves allow us to feel, to move, and to control the bowel and bladder .