Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis
In spinal fusion for scoliosis, rods, hooks, wires, or screws are attached to the curved part of the backbone and the spine is straightened. Small pieces of bone are then put over the spine.
Cervical Spinal Stenosis - Living With Low Back Pain
Whiplash - Cause
Learn about common causes of lower back pain.
Whiplash - Topic Overview
Doctors use X-ray images of a person's spine to measure spinal curvature. A curve or angle of the spine is measured in degrees and describes how severe the curve is. (The angle is determined by the intersection of lines projected from the top and bottom of the curve.) If the spine is straight, there is no angle; this would be a 0-degree curve. If the spine is curved, the angle can be measured. The larger the curve, the larger the angle or degree measurement. For example, a 10-degree curve is considered a mild curve, and a 50-degree curve is considered a severe curve.Many people have some curve in their spine. In fact, spinal curves that are less than 10 degrees are considered a normal variation of the spine. Curves that are greater than 10 degrees may be monitored (to see whether the curve is getting worse) or may need treatment.In addition to the severity of the curve, curves are described by their direction and location.Direction is based on which way the curve bends away from the
Low Back Pain - Prevention
Whiplash - Surgery
Cervical Spinal Fusion
Cervical spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is surgery that joins selected bones in the neck (cervical spine).
Whiplash - Medications
Cervical Spinal Stenosis - Home Treatment
Home treatment may help relieve pain, swelling, and stiffness related to a back problem.
Lumbar Herniated Disc - What Increases Your Risk
Low-Back-Pain-What Increases Your Risk