History and Physical Exam for Low Back Pain
A thorough history to evaluate low back pain includes an assessment of:Pattern, intensity, and duration of the current episode of low back pain (you may be asked to complete a pain drawing to identify the sites and symptoms of pain). Make sure your doctor understands what brings on or increases your pain and what makes you feel better.Spine problems you have had since birth (congenital spine ...
Scoliosis - Other Treatment
Treatment other than surgery for scoliosis includes: Observation. In a child who is still growing, a spinal curve that is less than 25 degrees may require only regular checkups every 4 to 6 months to see whether the curve is getting worse. And wearing a b
Scoliosis - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I (or my child) have surgery for scoliosis?
Scoliosis - Treatment Overview
The goal of treatment for scoliosis is to prevent the spinal curve from getting worse and to correct or stabilize a severe spinal curve. Fortunately, less than 10% of people who have spinal curves of more than 10 degrees require treatment. The type of tre
Quick Tips: Using Backpacks Safely - Get started
Backpacks are handy for carrying books-and lots of other things. But if they’re not used right,they can strain muscles and even cause back pain. Backpack safety is important for everyone. It's especially important for children,who can be hurt by regularly carrying too much weight or by not wearing their backpacks safely. Choose the right backpack Look for these features: Light weight. ...
Scoliosis - Topic Overview
What is scoliosis? Scoliosis is a problem with the curve in your spine. Some curves in your spine are normal. But a few people have spines that make a large curve from side to side in the shape of the letter 'S' or the letter 'C.' If this curve is severe,
Scoliosis - Prevention
Scoliosis cannot be prevented. Treatment is aimed at preventing the curve from getting worse.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Other Treatment
Physical therapy is an important part of nonsurgical and postsurgical treatment for spinal stenosis. Physical therapy can reduce pain, improve function, and build muscle strength.
Botulinum (Botox) Injection for Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Botulinum toxin A is a protein produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum,the same bacteria that causes botulism food poisoning. When injected into muscle in tiny amounts,botulinum A (Botox) can stop or reduce muscle spasm by blocking nerve signals to the muscle. This treatment has been used since the early 1990s to relieve severe muscle spasms around the eyes and in the neck,arms,...
Spondylolisthesis - Topic Overview
What is spondylolisthesis?Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back (vertebra) slides forward over the bone below it. It most often occurs in the lower spine (lumbosacral area). In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in your legs. It can also lead to losing control over your bladder or