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    Opiate Pain Relievers for Acute Neck Pain

    Examples

    Generic Name Brand Name
    codeine
    hydrocodone Lortab, Vicodin
    oxycodone Percocet, Percodan
    tramadol Ryzolt, Ultram

    Opiates are also called opioids or narcotics.

    Opiates are sometimes combined with other medicines. For example, Percocet is oxycodone combined with acetaminophen.

    How It Works

    Opiate medicines relieve pain by altering the way you feel pain.

    Why It Is Used

    Opiates are recommended only for short-term treatment of severe, sudden (acute) neck pain.

    Because these medicines are potentially addictive, they are usually prescribed for a limited time (1 to 2 weeks).

    How Well It Works

    Using opiate medicines to treat neck pain is not well studied.1

    When a opiate does relieve pain, it becomes less effective over time. The body becomes more tolerant of opiate medicine, and then a normal opiate dosage provides less effective pain relief.

    Side Effects

    All medicines have side effects. But many people don't feel the side effects, or they are able to deal with them. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. Side effects are also listed in the information that comes with your medicine.

    Here are some important things to think about:

    • Usually the benefits of the medicine are more important than any minor side effects.
    • Side effects may go away after you take the medicine for a while.
    • If side effects still bother you and you wonder if you should keep taking the medicine, call your doctor. He or she may be able to lower your dose or change your medicine. Do not suddenly quit taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.

    Call911or other emergency services right away if you have:

    Call your doctor if you have:

    • Hives.
    • A fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat.
    • Increased sweating.
    • Redness or flushing of the face.

    Common side effects of this medicine include:

    See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)

    What To Think About

    Opiate pain relievers are strong medicines that can be very helpful in treating pain, especially after an injury or surgery. They are safest when you use them exactly as your doctor prescribes. But there is a risk of addiction when you take them for more than a few days. The risk is lower if you follow your doctor's instructions on how to take them. Your risk is slightly higher if you or someone in your family has a history of substance abuse. If you are worried about addiction, talk with your doctor.

    Some of these medicines have acetaminophen in them. Check the labels on all the other nonprescription and prescription medicines you take. Many medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take two or more medicines that have acetaminophen in them unless your doctor has told you to. Taking too much acetaminophen can be harmful. If you have questions about this, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

    Opiates may be considered if other medicines and treatments have not controlled your pain or are not safe for you. To make this decision, you and your doctor may talk about:

    Dry mouth is common with these medicines. To help with dry mouth, you can chew sugarless gum, suck on sugarless candy, or melt ice in your mouth. If you continue to have problems with dry mouth after a couple of weeks, call your doctor. Dry mouth can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.

    Taking medicine

    Medicine is one of the many tools your doctor has to treat a health problem. Taking medicine as your doctor suggests will improve your health and may prevent future problems. If you don't take your medicines properly, you may be putting your health (and perhaps your life) at risk.

    There are many reasons why people have trouble taking their medicine. But in most cases, there is something you can do. For suggestions on how to work around common problems, see the topic Taking Medicines as Prescribed.

    Advice for women

    If you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant, do not use any medicines unless your doctor tells you to. Some medicines can harm your baby. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. And make sure that all your doctors know that you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant.

    Checkups

    Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

    Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this medication.

    Citations

    1. Binder A (2008). Neck pain, search date May 2007. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.

    ByHealthwise Staff
    Primary Medical ReviewerWilliam H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
    Specialist Medical ReviewerRobert B. Keller, MD - Orthopedics

    Current as ofJune 4, 2014

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: June 04, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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