Medicine can decrease low back pain and reduce muscle spasms in some people. But medicine alone isn't an effective treatment for low back pain. It should be used along with other treatments, such as walking and using heat or ice.
There are several medicines your doctor may recommend, depending on how long you have had pain, what other symptoms you have, and your medical history. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
Muscle relaxantsMuscle relaxants. These medicines can help when you get bad muscle spasms along with low back pain. Side effects, such as drowsiness, are common.
Opiate pain relieversOpiate pain relievers. These are very strong medicines that are sometimes tried to ease sudden, severe back pain that has not been controlled by other medicines. They are usually taken for only 1 to 2 weeks.