Medicine can decrease low back pain and
reduce muscle spasms in some people. But medicine alone isn't an effective
treatment for low back pain. It should be used along with other treatments,
such as walking and using heat or ice.
There are several medicines your doctor may
recommend, depending on how long you have had pain, what other symptoms you
have, and your medical history. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow
all instructions on the label.
Muscle relaxantsMuscle relaxants. These medicines
can help when you get bad muscle spasms along with low back pain. Side effects,
such as drowsiness, are common.
Opiate pain relieversOpiate pain relievers. These are
very strong medicines that are sometimes tried to ease sudden, severe back pain
that has not been controlled by other medicines. They are usually taken for
only 1 to 2 weeks.
Antidepressants. Some of these medicines,
such as amitriptyline and
duloxetine, not only treat
depression but also may help with chronic pain.
sometimes used for low back pain are:
Medicines that work for
some people don't work for others. Let your doctor know if the medicine you are
taking doesn't work for you. You may be able to take another medicine for your
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this