a job or other activity that requires long periods of sitting, heavy lifting, bending or twisting, repetitive motions, or constant vibration, such
as using a jackhammer or driving certain types of heavy
Smoking. People who smoke are more likely than people who don't smoke to have
low back pain.
Being overweight. Excess body weight, especially
around the waist, may put strain on your back, although this has not been
proven. But being overweight often also means being in poor physical condition,
with weaker muscles and less flexibility. These can lead to low back
Having poor posture. Slumping or slouching on its own may not
cause low back pain. But after the back has been strained or injured, bad
posture can make pain worse.
Being under stress. Stress and other
emotional factors are believed to play a major role in low back pain,
particularly chronic low back pain. Many people unconsciously tighten their
back muscles when they are under stress.
Risk factors you might change with medical treatment