In most cases, the cause of
scoliosis is not known. This is called idiopathic
scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and appears to be related
to several things, including genetics, as it often runs in families.
There are two types of scoliosis: nonstructural and structural.
Low back pain is very common. It affects millions of people. In most cases, you don't need surgery for low back pain. But in rare cases, severe back pain can be a sign of cauda equina syndrome (CES), a condition that usually requires urgent surgical treatment. People with cauda equina syndrome often are admitted to a hospital as a medical emergency. Here's what you need to know about cauda equina syndrome.
Structural scoliosis involves a
curve in the spine, with rotation, that is irreversible and is usually caused
by an unknown factor (idiopathic) or a disease or condition such as:
Disorders that were present at birth
(congenital), such as
spina bifida, in which the spinal canal does not close
properly; or a disorder that affects the formation of bones. These curves can be harder to correct. They often get worse as the child grows, especially during
the teen years.