In most cases, the cause of
scoliosis is not known. This is called idiopathic
scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and appears to be related
to several things, including genetics, as it often runs in families.
There are two types of scoliosis: nonstructural and structural.
Structural scoliosis involves a
curve in the spine, with rotation, that is irreversible and is usually caused
by an unknown factor (idiopathic) or a disease or condition such as:
Disorders that were present at birth
(congenital), such as
spina bifida, in which the spinal canal does not close
properly; or a disorder that affects the formation of bones. These curves can be harder to correct. They often get worse as the child grows, especially during
the teen years.
In adults, scoliosis may result from changes in the spine
due to aging (degenerative changes).
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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