testing usually begins with a
history and physical exam. This includes the
forward-bending test, a simple test in which the child bends forward at the
waist, arms hanging loosely and palms touching, and the examiner looks for
unevenness in the child's back or ribs. A
scoliometer can be used to measure and estimate the
rotation of the spinal curve.
If the findings of the history and
physical exam show a significant spinal curve, an
X-ray of the spine may be taken to get a more precise
measurement of the spinal curve.
When you've got back pain, one of the best questions you can ask is, "Why is it happening?" That can be the first step to helping the problem.
Common causes for back pain include:
Muscle and ligament injuries. These are the most common causes of back pain. Shoveling snow or helping a friend move her couch can sometimes overstretch the muscles or ligaments. You can wind up with strains or sprains. Most of these injuries heal in a few days to weeks.
Skeletal age, as determined by
the Risser sign, is also a helpful measure to find out
the risk that the curve will get worse.
If someone in your family
has scoliosis, your children should be checked regularly.
Neurological testing may be done on children who have scoliosis to
see if they have certain disorders that are often associated with
scoliosis, such as
cerebral palsy or
Screening means doing a
simple test to see whether further testing might be needed.
Some states require screening for scoliosis by law.
But experts don't agree with whether or not to screen for scoliosis.3, 4 Screening can lead to early treatment and may prevent curves from getting worse, but screening can also lead to more testing or treatment for children who would not have needed it.
Some experts believe that children (especially daughters) of women who have scoliosis should be screened for scoliosis regularly throughout their late
childhood and teen years.2
If you are concerned about screening for scoliosis, talk to your child's doctor.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this