Spinal instrumentation without fusion for
scoliosis involves attaching devices (such as metal
rods, hooks, wires, and screws) in or near the spine to correct a spinal curve
without actually fusing the vertebrae together. The goal of this surgical
procedure is to stabilize a severe spinal curve in a growing child without
fusing an area of the spine that would stop growth in that area.
This procedure is used, with some limitations, on children who are
still growing and have severe spinal curves that are getting worse.
TENS, or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, is a back pain treatment that uses low voltage electric current to relieve pain.
TENS is typically done with a TENS unit, a small battery-operated device. The device can be hooked to a belt and is connected to two electrodes. The electrodes carry an electric current from the TENS machine to the skin.
Possible complications from surgery, such as
devices that do not stay in place or break, the need to remove devices due to
infection or other problems, or the need for another surgery.
need for several surgeries (as many as six surgeries, or two surgeries a
year) to lengthen the devices.
The need to wear a full-time brace.
Spinal fusion surgery is needed when the child is nearly finished
Despite these limitations, the use of instrumentation
without fusion is an important alternative for some children who have severe
scoliosis and who are still growing.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 26, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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