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  • Question 1/11

    Stress and anxiety are the same thing.

  • Answer 1/11

    Stress and anxiety are the same thing.

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    Stress is your response to a change in your environment, be it positive or negative. Your body reacts to change -- falling in love, starting a new job, or suffering an unexpected loss -- with physical, mental, and emotional responses. Anxiety is an emotion that’s characterized by a feeling of apprehension, nervousness, or fear. 

  • Question 1/11

    The causes of stress are essentially the same for everyone.

  • Answer 1/11

    The causes of stress are essentially the same for everyone.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Something that causes stress for you may not for someone else. Something that's a source of negative stress for one person -- such as a deadline -- might actually be helpful for someone else. 

  • Question 1/11

    Being easily annoyed and unusually irritable can be an emotional warning sign of too much stress.

  • Answer 1/11

    Being easily annoyed and unusually irritable can be an emotional warning sign of too much stress.

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    In addition to unusual irritability, other emotional warning signs that may indicate a need to work on how you handle stress include a short temper and an inability to concentrate.

  • Question 1/11

    Losing weight can be a sign of too much stress.

  • Answer 1/11

    Losing weight can be a sign of too much stress.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Any change in eating pattern, such as a loss of appetite (leading to weight loss) or overeating (leading to weight gain), can be a sign of stress. Other indicators include becoming less active, experiencing more conflict in relationships, and increasing your use of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs.

  • Question 1/11

    Chronic stress can contribute to depression.

  • Answer 1/11

    Chronic stress can contribute to depression.

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    Chronic stress is long-term stress, such as that caused by traumatic events or miserable living conditions. Untreated chronic stress can contribute to major depressive disorder, a form of intense depression that lasts for long periods and can prevent someone from living a normal life. Chronic stress also can contribute to physical illnesses, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and obesity.

  • Question 1/11

    Rethinking your expectations may help you cope with stress.

  • Answer 1/11

    Rethinking your expectations may help you cope with stress.

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    • Correct Answer:

    One way to cope with stress is to set realistic goals at home and at work – even if that means lowering your expectations a bit. Other things that can help include accepting that some events are beyond your control, preparing well for things that you know may be stressful (such as a speech or an interview), trying to see change as a challenge instead of a threat, eating and drinking sensibly, getting plenty of rest, and exercising regularly.

  • Question 1/11

    Anxiety is always a negative, harmful emotion.

  • Answer 1/11

    Anxiety is always a negative, harmful emotion.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Anxiety, which makes us nervous or fearful, may not always be enjoyable, but it is a normal and potentially helpful emotion. Mild anxiety can make you more alert and focused on facing challenging or threatening circumstances.

  • Answer 1/11

    An anxiety disorder can be characterized by which of the following?

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    Although anxiety is a normal human emotion, people who experience extreme fear and worry that don’t go away may have an anxiety disorder. Each anxiety disorder has its own specific symptoms. For example, panic disorders cause sudden, uncontrollable feelings of terror, and social anxiety disorder involves the fear of being in unfamiliar social situations with expectations of scrutiny by others. Both can also manifest with physical symptoms such as shaking or breaking out in a sweat.

  • Question 1/11

    Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S.

  • Answer 1/11

    Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S.

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    • Correct Answer:

    About 40 million American adults (18 and older) are affected by anxiety disorders each year. That's about 18% of the adult population.

  • Question 1/11

    Men are twice as likely as women to have generalized anxiety disorder.

  • Answer 1/11

    Men are twice as likely as women to have generalized anxiety disorder.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Women are twice as likely as men to be affected by generalized anxiety disorder, which is characterized by at least 6 months of excessive, unrealistic worry over everyday problems.

  • Question 1/11

    Which of the following is a treatment option for anxiety disorders?

  • Answer 1/11

    Which of the following is a treatment option for anxiety disorders?

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    • Correct Answer:

    Anxiety disorders can be treated with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two. The primary medications prescribed for anxiety disorders are certain antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, and sometimes beta-blockers to control physical symptoms.

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Sources | Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on November 10, 2016 Medically Reviewed on November 10, 2016

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on
November 10, 2016

IMAGE PROVIDED BY:

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REFERENCES:

Cornell University: “Stress Management.”

National Institutes of Health: “Stress.”

American Psychological Association: “Six Myths About Stress.”

American Psychological Association: “Listening to the Warning Signs of Stress.”

American Psychological Association: “Understanding Anxiety Disorders and Effective Treatment.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Recognizing Signs and Symptoms of Stress.”

American Psychological Association: “Stress: The Different Kinds of Stress.”

American Psychological Association: “Understanding Chronic Stress.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Caregiving: When Stress Turns Into Depression.”

American Academy of Family Physicians: “Stress: How to Cope Better With Life’s Challenges.”

Anxiety Disorders Association of America: “Facts & Statistics.”

Anxiety Disorders Association of America: “Generalized Anxiety Disorder.”

National Institute of Mental Health: “Treatment of Anxiety Disorders.”

Council of State Governments: “Mental Health Toolkit, p. 1.”

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