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    Choosing Skin Care Products: Know Your Ingredients


    This is made from vitamin A and is added to creams to go on your skin. It boosts collagen production and plumps out skin, reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It also improves skin tone and color, and reduces mottled patches.

    Many dermatologists prescribe retinol's stronger counterpart, tretinoin, or similar products, to slow skin aging, improve irregular pigmentation, and clear up acne. Over-the-counter products containing retinols may be weaker, but they can still improve skin appearance.

    Using a retinol-based product may cause your skin's top layer (the epidermis) to become dry and flaky. Be sure to wear moisturizer and sunscreen in the morning after you use it, or ask your dermatologist about alternatives.

    Vitamin C

    As you age, your body slows down making collagen and elastin, which keep skin strong, flexible, and resilient. The antioxidants found in vitamin C may boost the production of collagen and minimize fine lines, wrinkles, and scars.

    Vitamin C is in some skin care products such as creams and lotions. If you want to try one, ask your dermatologist for some options.

    Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ-10)

    Your body naturally makes this to zap free radicals in cells. As you age, you make less, though. That may make skin cells more vulnerable to damage by free radicals. That's the reasoning behind the use of the antioxidant in skin care products such as toners, gels, and creams to be used alone or with a moisturizer. One study shows that CoQ-10 helps reduce “crow’s feet,” the wrinkles around the eyes.


    It's also an antioxidant, but experts don't know whether it can be used on the skin to reverse. Still, skin care companies have added it to lotions and creams based on evidence that shows caffeine could be useful in preventing the growth of skin cancer and, when applied to the skin, may make wrinkles less deep, especially ''crow's feet'' around the eyes.

    Other Popular Ingredients

    When you shop for skin care and makeup products, you may see these other things:

    Alpha-hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

    This group of natural-based acids includes glycolic, lactic, citric, and tartaric acids. They’re in many products.

    Brush Up on Beauty

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