Sensitive Skin Care Products: Moisturizers and Sunscreens
Moisturizers can prevent sensitive skin from becoming dry and irritated, but keep things simple. Avoid products with fragrance or lots of ingredients, Herschenfeld says.
Sunscreens are essential for avoiding sun damage and its aging effects on skin. There are two types of sunscreens:
- Chemical sunscreens work by absorbing the sun’s rays. "Probably, for some people, the chemical components can be a little irritating," Herschenfeld says.
- Physical sunscreens work by reflecting or blocking the light. They contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, which are less likely to provoke reactions in people with sensitive skin or allergies to chemical sunscreens.
"Read the label," Ashinoff says. Look for "chemical-free" and "sensitive skin" formulas. "They’re not entirely chemical-free, and they may have heavy concentrations of titanium or zinc oxide," she says.
There’s no specific sun-protection factor (SPF) that’s best for sensitive skin, Herschenfeld says. "In general, I recommend an SPF of 30. Unless you’ve had skin cancer, be cautious about using too high an SPF. Active ingredients can be irritating and are present in higher concentrations for higher SPFs," she says.
Choosing Cosmetics to Avoid Sensitive Skin Problems
Your face doesn’t have to go au naturel, but you might have to resort to trial and error to find skin-friendly cosmetics.
- Choose foundations and other cosmetics that are fragrance free. "Fragrance is just such a common allergen that I prefer to have people avoid it," Herschenfeld says.
- Consider hypoallergenic cosmetics. While these products are not necessarily a sure bet for reducing allergic reaction, they may be helpful for some people, Herschenfeld says. "There really isn’t an FDA definition for that term. There’s no guarantee. It could be ‘all-natural, hypoallergenic’ and have a plant extract in it that doesn’t agree with your skin."
- Test new products. Herschenfeld suggests applying a new product twice a day to a small patch of your skin, such as the area near the inside of your elbow. If it doesn’t irritate your skin after a week, then try using it on your face. You can also use the patch test for other skin products, such as sunscreens and anti-aging creams.
- Add one new cosmetic product at a time to your regimen. "Don’t start a whole bunch of products at one time," Herschenfeld says. "If you use five things that are new to you and then end up with a rash, you’re never going to figure out what caused it."