Sunblocks to Prevent Sunburn - Topic Overview Physical sunscreens or sunblocks, such as zinc oxide, are usually thick white or colored cream. Sunblocks have an SPF of 15 or higher and prevent the skin from being exposed to the sun's ultraviolet rays. They are useful for high-risk areas such as the nose, lips, and shoulders. It’s safest to keep babies younger than 6 months out of the sun. If you can’t keep your baby out of the sun, cover your child’s skin with hats and clothing. Protect any bare skin with a small amount of sunscreen that is SPF 15 or higher. Use sunscreens on children older than 6 months.
Sunburn: Skin Types - Topic Overview Your skin type affects how easily you sunburn. But sun protection measures should be used for babies, small children, and older adults regardless of their skin type, because their skin is very sensitive to sunburn.Skin types and sunburnType I Red hair, freckles (extremely sensitive)Sunburn easily, not likely to tanType II Fair skin, blue eyes (very sensitive)Usually sunburn easily, tan a littleType III Most whites (sensitive) Sunburn sometimes, tan slowlyType IV Mediterranean, Hispanic, Asian (moderately sensitive)Sunburn a little, usually tan wellType V Middle Eastern, Latino, Indian, light-skinned blacks (minimally sensitive)Rarely sunburn, tan deeplyType VI Dark-skinned blacks (not sensitive)Almost never sunburn