Indoor Tanning and Teens: Risky Mix?
Sept. 12, 2003 -- Fake baking, going for the glow, whatever you call indoor tanning, teenagers may be ignoring health risks in favor of getting a golden tan in any weather.
A new study shows 28% of teenage girls and 7% of teenage boys have used indoor tanning booths at least three times or more.
Researchers say it's the first real estimate of how often teens use indoor tanning salons and suggests that a large number of American teens may be ignoring the risks associated with ultraviolet (UV) light exposure.
"Repeated exposure to UV rays, such as those absorbed during indoor tanning, can cause skin cancer and premature aging of the skin," says researcher Catherine A. Demko, PhD, of Case Western University, in a news release. "The majority of teens do not have an appreciation of the risk of skin cancers, scars from surgeries to try and remove them, mottled pigmentation, and sagging, wrinkled skin."
Demko says the predominant UV-A component of indoor tanning lights is a major culprit in premature aging of the skin because it penetrates skin layers more deeply and causes more damage.
Indoor Tanning Linked to Other Risks
In the study, published in this month's issue of the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, researchers analyzed data from 6,903 white teenagers aged 13 to 19 years who participated in a nationwide survey in 1996.
They found that nearly 37% of teenage girls and 11% of boys reported using an indoor tanning booth at least once in their life, and 28% and 7% of girls and boys, respectively, reported using them three or more times.
The study shows that the popularity of tanning booths also increased with age in girls. Eleven percent of 13- to 14-year-olds reported using indoor tanning booths more than three times, but that number grew to 47% among 18- to 19-year-olds.
Researchers found that indoor tanning use was also associated with other high-risk behaviors, such as alcohol, tobacco, or marijuana use and dieting regardless of body mass index (BMI, a measure of weight in relation to height used to indicate overweight).