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Cosmetic Surgery Glossary

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Debriding: The process of removing dead or devitalized tissue before reconstructive or cosmetic surgery.

Depilation: The removal of hair.

Dermabrasion: A surgical procedure in which a patient's upper layers of skin, scarred from acne, pox, or other causes, is frozen and then removed using a high-powered rotating brush.

Dermalogen: A product derived from human donor tissue that is used in lip augmentation to produce a look of fuller lips.

Dermatitis: An inflammation of the skin caused by an allergic reaction or contact with an irritant. Typical symptoms of dermatitis include redness and itching.

Dermatologist: A doctor who specializes in the treatment and diagnosis of skin and skin-related problems.

Dermis: The middle layer of the skin, the dermis is a complex combination of blood vessels, hair follicles, and sebaceous (oil) glands. Here, you'll find collagen and elastin. The dermis is also where wrinkles occur.

Deviated septum: A condition in which the wall inside the nose that divides it into two nostrils – called the septum -- is not located in the middle of the nose where it should be. The condition is commonly treatable with surgery.

Eczema: A skin condition characterized by itchy, irritated, inflamed skin. Eczema comes in many forms and can be triggered by a variety of factors, including allergies, environmental factors, or family history. The raised, inflamed skin can appear anywhere on your body, including the face, legs, arms, or neck.

Elastin: A protein found with collagen in the dermis that is responsible for giving structure to the skin and organs.

Electrolysis: A hair removal procedure in which chemicals or heat is used to destroy the hair follicle.

Ephelides: Freckles.

Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. The epidermis is also the thinnest layer, responsible for protecting you from the harsh environment. The epidermis is made up of five layers of its own: stratum germinativum, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, and stratum corneum.

Exfoliate: To remove the top layer of skin. Chemical peels and dermabrasion are examples of methods in which the skin is exfoliated.

Eye lift: See "blepharoplasty."

Facelift: See "rhytidectomy."

Fascia: A type of connective tissue used in lip augmentation to produce fuller lips. This product is made from human donor tissue.

Freckle: A light or moderately brown spot that appears on the skin as a result of exposure to sunlight. Freckles are most common in people with fair complexions.

Grafting: A procedure in which healthy skin or muscle is moved from one area of the body to another that's damaged by disease or injury.

Hemangioma: A type of birthmark characterized by concentrations of small blood vessels. They are commonly referred to as strawberry marks and often disappear after a few months or years.

Hypodermis: The fatty layer of skin, home of sweat glands and fat and collagen cells. The hypodermis is responsible for conserving your body's heat and protecting vital inner organs.

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