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Cosmetic Surgery Glossary

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Electrolysis: A hair removal procedure in which chemicals or heat is used to destroy the hair follicle.

Ephelides: Freckles.

Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. The epidermis is also the thinnest layer, responsible for protecting you from the harsh environment. The epidermis is made up of five layers of its own: stratum germinativum, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, and stratum corneum.

Exfoliate: To remove the top layer of skin. Chemical peels and dermabrasion are examples of methods in which the skin is exfoliated.

Eye lift: See "blepharoplasty."

Facelift: See "rhytidectomy."

Fascia: A type of connective tissue used in lip augmentation to produce fuller lips. This product is made from human donor tissue.

Freckle: A light or moderately brown spot that appears on the skin as a result of exposure to sunlight. Freckles are most common in people with fair complexions.

Grafting: A procedure in which healthy skin or muscle is moved from one area of the body to another that's damaged by disease or injury.

Hemangioma: A type of birthmark characterized by concentrations of small blood vessels. They are commonly referred to as strawberry marks and often disappear after a few months or years.

Hypodermis: The fatty layer of skin, home of sweat glands and fat and collagen cells. The hypodermis is responsible for conserving your body's heat and protecting vital inner organs.

Hyperpigmentation: A skin condition in which there is excessive pigmentation that's often seen as dark spots on the skin.

Hypertrophic scar: A raised and red scar, similar to a keloid scar but different in that it stays within the boundaries of the injury site.

Hypopigmentation: A skin condition in which there is a lack of pigmentation.

Keloid scar: A type of scar that continues to grow beyond what is needed at the site of an injury. This type of scar is caused by too much collagen forming while the skin is being repaired. The tendency to develop keloid scars is genetic.

Keratin: This dominant protein is the skin's main material, occurring also in hair and nails. Keratin is what makes skin rigid.

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