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Cosmetic Surgery Glossary


Kojic Acid: A skin treatment product derived from a fungus that works as a lightening agent and inhibits the production of melanin.

L-ascorbic acid: L-ascorbic acid is a form of Vitamin C.

Lentigines: See "age spots."

Lip Augmentation: A procedure done to improve deflated, drooping, or sagging lips; correct their symmetry; or reduce fine lines and wrinkles around them. This is often done through injections or implants.

Lipoplasty: See "liposuction."

Liposuction: A cosmetic procedure in which a special instrument called a cannula is used to break up and suck out fat from the body. This procedure is also known as lipoplasty.

Macrodactyly: A condition that affects children in which the fingers or toes grow abnormally large.

Macular stain: A small birthmark that is often nothing more than a small, mild, red blemish on the skin.

Mammoplasty: Any reconstructive or cosmetic surgical procedure that alters the size or shape of the breast.

Mastectomy: The surgical removal of part of or the entire breast.

Mastopexy: Also called a breast lift, this procedure removes excess skin in order to lift up sagging or drooping breasts.

Melanocytes: A pigment producing cell found in the skin, hair, and eyes that gives them their color.

Melanoma: The most dangerous form of skin cancer. Melanoma can spread rapidly and be fatal if not detected and treated.

Melasma: A condition in which pigmentation of the cheeks of the face darkens into tan or brown patches. This condition occurs in half of all women during pregnancy.

Micropigmentation: A form of tattooing commonly used to apply permanent makeup by injecting iron oxide pigment into the middle layer of the skin (dermis).

Neoplasm: A tumor.

Nevus flammeus: See "port-wine stain."

Otoplasty: A surgical procedure done to correct misshaped or protruding ears.

Photo-aging: The changes that occur to the skin due to sun exposure. This includes wrinkles, sallowness (yellowing), and age spots.

Port-wine stain: A type of birthmark characterized by a mark on the skin that resembles the rich red color of port wine. Port-wine stains are caused by an abnormal concentration of capillaries. This type of birthmark is also referred to as nevus flammeus. Unlike a hemangioma, it does not improve over time.

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