Cosmetic Surgery Glossary
Kojic Acid: A skin treatment product derived from a fungus that works as a lightening agent and inhibits the production of melanin.
Lentigines: See "age spots."
Lip Augmentation: A procedure done to improve deflated, drooping, or sagging lips; correct their symmetry; or reduce fine lines and wrinkles around them. This is often done through injections or implants.
Liposuction: A cosmetic procedure in which a special instrument called a cannula is used to break up and suck out fat from the body. This procedure is also known as lipoplasty.
Macrodactyly: A condition that affects children in which the fingers or toes grow abnormally large.
Macular stain: A small birthmark that is often nothing more than a small, mild, red blemish on the skin.
Mammoplasty: Any reconstructive or cosmetic surgical procedure that alters the size or shape of the breast.
Mastectomy: The surgical removal of part of or the entire breast.
Mastopexy: Also called a breast lift, this procedure removes excess skin in order to lift up sagging or drooping breasts.
Melanocytes: A pigment producing cell found in the skin, hair, and eyes that gives them their color.
Melasma: A condition in which pigmentation of the cheeks of the face darkens into tan or brown patches. This condition occurs in half of all women during pregnancy.
Micropigmentation: A form of tattooing commonly used to apply permanent makeup by injecting iron oxide pigment into the middle layer of the skin (dermis).
Neoplasm: A tumor.
Nevus flammeus: See "port-wine stain."
Otoplasty: A surgical procedure done to correct misshaped or protruding ears.
Photo-aging: The changes that occur to the skin due to sun exposure. This includes wrinkles, sallowness (yellowing), and age spots.
Port-wine stain: A type of birthmark characterized by a mark on the skin that resembles the rich red color of port wine. Port-wine stains are caused by an abnormal concentration of capillaries. This type of birthmark is also referred to as nevus flammeus. Unlike a hemangioma, it does not improve over time.