Balancing Bipolar Disorder
Better treatments and increased awareness make living with bipolar disorder easier.
Better Bipolar Treatments
Once a correct diagnosis is made, treatment can be highly effective.
Medication and psychotherapy both help, Gitlin says. Research suggests that
interpersonal and social rhythm therapy -- where the focus is on improving
interpersonal relationships and regularizing daily routines and sleep schedules
to help prevent manic episodes -- gets results. The number of medications
available to treat bipolar disorder has increased in the past five years, with
the overall goal being long-term stabilization of mood.
Lithium was the first mood stabilizer approved by the FDA, more than 35
years ago. The medication works by stabilizing or smoothing out moods, helping
to prevent both extremes of depression and mania.
Anticonvulsants such as valproate (Depakote) or carbamazepine (Tegretol)
also can help stabilize mood. Some doctors think these drugs are helpful for
difficult-to-treat bipolar episodes.
Atypical antipsychotics (also called second-generation antipsychotics) such
as aripiprazole (Abilify), clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa),
quetiapine (Seroquel), risperidone (Risperdal), and ziprasidone (Geodon) have
also been tried as mood stabilizers when lithium or anticonvulsant medications
do not work well for a particular patient.
Doctors may also prescribe antidepressants, but how to use them is a matter
of debate. Some experts frown on them because, as Gitlin explains, they might
lift mood too much, tipping the patient into a manic state. But others,
including Gitlin, think that antidepressants can offer some benefits and that
their use must be decided on a case-by-case basis. (Another wrinkle: The FDA
recently issued a warning of an increased risk of dangerous behaviors among
children and teens who took antidepressants.)
Treatment choices may change with time, depending on a person's mood and
episodes. But treatment itself must be long-term, say Gitlin and other
These days, Karen Renken is a changed person. The combination of better
medications and continued therapy, she says, has made all the difference.
"I'm pretty happy with my life," she says.
Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Bipolar Disorder
- Could I have bipolar disorder or some other condition?
- If I do, what treatment plan is best for me?
- What else can I do to minimize my symptoms?
- Where can I find resources and emotional support for my family and me?