Skip to content

    Bipolar Disorder Health Center

    Select An Article

    Medications for Bipolar Disorder

    (continued)
    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    Which medications are used to stabilize moods?

    According to the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) most recent guidelines for treating bipolar disorder, the first-line therapy for bipolar patients with severe mania or mixed episodes is an antipsychotic medication combined with either lithium or the anticonvulsant valproate (Depakote).

    Lithium is one of the oldest and least expensive mood-stabilizing mediations for bipolar disorder. Lithium is administered as a salt available under the generic names of lithium carbonate and lithium citrate. Available in capsule, tablet, or liquid form, lithium may have the trade name of Lithobid, Lithane, Lithonate, Lithotabs, Cibalith-S, and others.

    Findings show that lithium is effective in reducing symptoms and frequency of episodes with a response rate of up to 70% to 80% for the initial manic phase of bipolar disorder. In addition, studies show that lithium effectively reduces the risk of suicide at least six fold.

    If you take lithium, you will need regular blood tests and monitoring of your kidney and thyroid function for drug toxicity levels.

     

    Are anticonvulsants used to stabilize the moods of bipolar disorder?

    Some, but not all, anticonvulsants offer more treatment options for those with bipolar disorder. Anticonvulsants may be combined with lithium or with other anticonvulsants for optimal effect.

    Some commonly used anticonvulsants include carbamazepine (Tegretol), lamotrigine (Lamictal), and valproic acid (Depakote). Other anticonvulsants, such as gabapentin (Neurontin ), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), and topiramate (Topamax) have not been established as having anti-manic or antidepressant properties, but they are sometimes considered experimental treatments in bipolar disorder. Some of these medicines may have value for other types of psychiatric symptoms such as anxiety, pain, or binge eating.

     

    What other medications help stabilize moods with bipolar disorder?

    Antipsychotic medications are used alone or in combination with other mood stabilizers in patients with bipolar mania. Acute mania may be treated with older antipsychotic medications such as haloperidol (Haldol), loxapine (Loxitane) or loxapine inhaled (Adasuve), and risperidone (Risperdal). Many newer atypical antipsychotics are also used for bipolar disorder. These drugs include aripiprazole (Abilify), asenapine (Saphris), cariprazine (Vraylar), olanzapine ( Zyprexa) quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel), and ziprasidone  (Geodon). Fluoxetine (Symbyax), the SSRI antidepressant (fluoxetine) combined with the antipsychotic olanzapine, also has been shown to treat bipolar depression, as has Seroquel. In addition, lurasidone (Latuda) is an antipsychotic FDA-approved to treat bipolar depression either alone or with lithium or valproic acid (Depakote).

    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    lunar eclipse
    Signs of mania and depression.
    Pills on blank prescription paper
    Learn about this popular bipolar disorder medication.
     
    serious looking young woman
    Assess your symptoms.
    teen girl in bad mood
    How is each one different?
     
    Feeling Ups and Downs
    ASSESSMENT
    Bipolar or Schizo
    Article
     
    Foods to Avoid
    Article
    Man being scolded by his shadow
    Article
     
    lunar eclipse
    Slideshow
    depressed man
    Article
     
    young women not speaking
    Article
    man talking with therapist
    Article