Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens - Other Treatment
Most children who have
bipolar disorder need medicine. But other forms of
treatment used along with medicine play an important role in balancing mood and
improving quality of life. Counseling, education about the disorder, and stress
reduction can help.
Counseling along with medicine has been
used effectively to manage bipolar disorder. Types of therapy that counselors
use to treat bipolar disorder include:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy. This focuses on modifying certain thinking and behavior
- Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. This focuses on
social and family relationships and related problems. It teaches family members about the disorder. They learn how to recognize signs of relapse and how to manage what creates stress in each family member. This therapy also helps with setting and keeping a regular social and sleep schedule.
- Problem-solving therapy. This is a type of cognitive therapy
that helps you find immediate solutions to problems.
- Family therapy. This helps educate and support the
- Play therapy for very young
- Psychological education and support
- Dialectical-behavioral therapy. This
focuses on building skills to manage mood swings.
In some cases,
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be an option. In
this procedure, brief electrical stimulation to the brain is given through
electrodes placed on the head. The stimulation produces a short seizure that is
thought to balance brain chemicals.
Complementary medicine is
a term used for a wide variety of health care practices that may be used along
with standard medical treatment. A few studies suggest that adding omega-3 fatty acids to medicine (such as lithium) can help reduce the depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder in some people. Omega-3 fatty acids don't seem to have an effect on the manic symptoms of bipolar disorder. And omega-3 fatty acids alone are not a good treatment for bipolar disorder. They are not a replacement for medicine or other therapy used to treat bipolar disorder.2, 3