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    Bipolar Disorder - What Happens

    With bipolar disorder, you go back and forth between highs and lows of mania and depression. In between, you may return completely to normal or have some remaining symptoms. The extreme mood changes may come on suddenly or appear more slowly.

    During a manic episode, you may go from feeling abnormally happy and productive to behaving irresponsibly and sleeping very little. After this manic high, your mood may return to normal. Or it may swing in the opposite direction. You may feel useless and extremely sad. And you may lose interest in things you've enjoyed in the past.

    Recommended Related to Bipolar Disorder

    Understanding Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms

    The primary symptoms of bipolar disorder are periods of elevated or irritable mood accompanied by dramatic increases in energy, activity, and fast thinking. The illness has two (bi) strongly contrasting phases (polar): 1) bipolar mania or hypo-mania and 2) depression. 1) Bipolar mania or hypo-mania symptoms include: Euphoria or irritability Increased energy and activity Excessive talk; racing thoughts Inflated self-esteem Unusual energy; less need for sleep Impulsi...

    Read the Understanding Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms article > >

    Men tend to have more manic highs, and women tend to have more lows of depression.3

    At first, stress may trigger depression or mania. But as the illness progresses, mood swings may not be caused by any specific event. Without treatment, your bipolar disorder may get worse. This can cause you to move more often between mania and depression.

    Other health problems

    People with bipolar disorder-men more often than women-may have substance abuse problems, especially during manic episodes.4 Abusing alcohol or drugs may affect treatment and interfere with taking medicines as prescribed. Other disorders that may occur along with this disorder include:5

    These illnesses need to be treated along with bipolar disorder.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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