Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier
WebMD

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine
WebMD

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion
    WebMD

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community
    WebMD

    Community

    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Autism Spectrum Disorders Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

"We Need to Pull Ryan into This World"

Still work to be done continued...

Just as Ryan is the “different” child in the playgroup, Nicole feels like an outsider among the moms there. “They’re nice, but they don’t really interact with me,” she says. “I feel like they see me as ‘the lady who has the kid with autism.’” Nevertheless, Nicole knows that exposing Ryan to the structure and social environment of the group will help in his eventual transition to either a mainstream preschool classroom or one that has a mix of typical and developmentally delayed kids. “Ryan would never get better if I put my feelings of hurt before him,” says Nicole. “I have to just stay focused on how far he’s come.”

The Kalkowskis don’t want to let time or money stand in the way of Ryan’s recovery either, so they’ve decided to use an intensive, in-home behavioral therapy called the Lovaas Model of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The therapy works on a variety of skills, from following simple instructions to socializing, and relies heavily on positive reinforcement (praise, for instance, and fun trinkets, such as a spinning top) when a task is completed. Every day, a tutor works with Ryan at home; he has a team of six tutors, including Nicole. Currently, Ryan receives about 30 hours of Lovaas ABA a week; gradually, he’ll work up to 40.

For Nicole, Lovaas is like running an in-home school and business. She has to keep track of the therapists’ notes and data, write their paychecks, and log their hours and checks for tax purposes. Plus, she’s left with lots of filing each day.

The program’s cost — which isn’t covered by the Kalkowskis’ insurance plan — is a big budgetary strain. Their income level is too high for them to qualify for many sources of financial aid; luckily, they received funding that covered the $3,500 mandatory two-day training of all the tutors, including Nicole. Still, the couple pays $2,000 a month in fees, plus the tutors’ salaries, which run from $10 to $15 per hour.

Today on WebMD

girl at window
Symptoms within the first 2 years of a child’s life.
boy playing a violin
How is this condition similar to autism?
 
Mother and daughter indoors playing
Play therapy may undo the disorder in at-risk babies.
preschool age girl sitting at desk
What causes this rare form of autism?
 
High Functioning Autism And Asperge Syndrome
Article
Gluten Free Diet Slideshow
Article
 
Mother and daughter indoors playing
Article
man on bicycle
VIDEO
 
girl at window
Article
Mother hugging teenage son
Article
 
Understanding Rett Syndrome
Article
Home Care Tips
Article
 

WebMD Special Sections