Temple Grandin, a new film biography about the best-selling author, renowned animal scientist, and perhaps America's most famous person with autism, debuts in February on HBO with a strong cast and a sensitive narrative starring Claire Danes. It depicts a woman who is uniquely talented (she imagines the world through the eyes of the animals she studies) but also heartbreakingly hamstrung (everyday noises can be deafening and changes to routine debilitating).
The film -- with Catherine O'Hara, Julia Ormond, and David Strathairn -- traces Grandin's life from nonverbal child to often-overwhelmed teenager to capable adult. Her ability to identify with animals, especially cattle, and to imagine how cows perceive and react to their environment led her to design more humane feedlots and slaughterhouses.
Autism is a brain disorder in which communication and interaction with others are difficult. The symptoms of autism may range from total lack of communication with others to difficulty in understanding others' feelings. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
High-functioning autism (HFA) is at one end of the ASD spectrum. Signs and symptoms are less severe than with other forms of autism. In fact, a person with high-functioning autism usually...
Now an award-winning professor of animal science at Colorado State University, Grandin, 62, also speaks at conferences on animal behavior as well as on autism. She is the author of several books, including Animals Make Us Human and The Way I See It: A Personal Look at Autism and Asperger's.
Shortly after her own son was diagnosed with autism, New York-based producer Emily Gerson Saines committed herself to making a movie about Grandin after reading her book Thinking in Pictures. "The trick with this particular film," she notes, "is that it couldn't have a big old happy ending and Temple's cured -- because she's not."
The Nature of Autism
Grandin has autism, one of a group of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs are developmental disabilities that cause a range of social, communication, and behavioral challenges; the severity varies widely from person to person. Autism is usually diagnosed in childhood, as with Grandin. As many as one in 150 U.S. children has some form of an ASD, according to the CDC.
But for Grandin, it is important to look beyond the label. "There is no black and white dividing line between autism and 'geek' and 'nerd,'" she says. "When is it obsession and when is it perseverance? You can design a mind to be more social [or] more interested in things. And if we didn't have people more interested in things, we wouldn't even have a phone to talk on."